|Qantas Kangaroo Route Advertisement 1948 retrieved from Pinterest|
Most migrants to Australia, including immigrants in my family, came here by sea. My grandfather is an exception. He arrived by air.
Hans Boltz was born on 4 July 1910 in Berlin, where he trained at the State Institute for map drawing as a cartographer. From 1930 to the beginning of World War II he worked for the Prussian Geological State Institute (Geological Survey of Prussia or Preußischen Geologischen Landesanstalt). After the war, when he found his way back to Berlin, he discovered that this building, in Invalidenstraße 44, was situated in the Russian zone. Hans lived in the American zone and, reluctant to travel every day into the Russian-occupied part of the city or move there, he resigned. In 1948 he applied for work with the Australian government, which at the time was recruiting Germans with qualifications and skills in short supply in Australia. He got a job as a cartographer with the Australian Bureau of Mineral Resources.
|Invalidenstraße 44 in Berlin-Mitte, the building of the former Geological Survey of Prussia. Image from Wikimedia Commons.|
Hans Boltz's file created by the Department of Post War Reconstruction includes the dates of his journey from Berlin to Canberra:
- Wednesday 13 July 1949 left Germany for London
- Sunday 7 August 1949 left London
- Thursday 11 August 1949 arrived Canberra via Sydney
- Friday 12 August 1949 commenced working for the Bureau of Mineral Resources.
|NAA: MT105/8, 1/6/4531 Page 2 of 143 (click to enlarge image)|
In the late 1980s with the help of my grandfather Hans I spent some time compiling my family tree on my mother's side. I had bought a book in 1978 called The History of our Family, published by Poplar Books of New Jersey. This had a series of templates for recording family history. One of these was for immigration.
Decades afterwards, my grandfather remembered very clearly his trip from Berlin and his arrival, on 11 August 1949.
I summarised my grandfather's recollections as follows:
Hans Fritz Boltz emigrated from Berlin to Canberra 11 . 8 . 1949In London my grandfather was given English lessons. He was not just a tourist.
Aeroplane - Berlin - Hamburg - London 4 weeks London
museums / concerts ... wandering around sightseeing
London - Cairo - Karachi - Singapore - Darwin - Sydney -
Helopolis Hotel Cairo Raffles Hotel Singapore Qantas flight
|Qantas Sydney-London Constellation route map retrieved from Pinterest|
On Trove I have found an advertisement for the route in August 1949.
|AUSTRALIA-ENGLAND CONSTELLATION SERVICE (1949, August 4). Daily Commercial News and Shipping List (Sydney, NSW : 1891 - 1954), p. 4. Retrieved July 4, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article163836624|
|A Qantas Empire Airways Constellation airliner, photographed by Frank Hurley retrieved from http://trove.nla.gov.au/version/40487425|
In 2007 Qantas celebrated the 60th anniversary of the Kangaroo route. This video includes footage of the journey on the Lockheed Constellation aeroplanes. The first flight on the route had departed 1 December 1947.
The journey took four days, 55 hours of flying time. There were two overnight stops, one in Cairo and the other in Singapore. In Cairo my grandfather stayed at the Heliopolis Palace Hotel. In Singapore at the Raffles. There were 29 passengers and 11 crew.
|Poster for the Heliopolis Palace Hotel retrieved from Palace intrigue: Egypt in the Golden Age of Travel|
|Raffles Hotel in 1932. Image from Wikimedia Commons|
The airfare in 1949 was £260 sterling. By way of comparison my grandfather's salary on starting with the Australian Public Service as an experienced cartographer was £222 a year and the average earnings for men in Australia was about £220 a year. The Australian government paid my grandfather's fare.
- Berlin Blockade. (2017, June 11). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 06:55, July 4, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Berlin_Blockade&oldid=785025285
- East Berlin. (2017, June 17). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 08:04, July 4, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=East_Berlin&oldid=786178030
- West Berlin. (2017, June 30). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 08:07, July 4, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Berlin&oldid=788336909
- Seite „Preußische Geologische Landesanstalt“. In: Wikipedia, Die freie Enzyklopädie. Bearbeitungsstand: 30. April 2017, 21:40 UTC. URL: https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Preu%C3%9Fische_Geologische_Landesanstalt&oldid=165063321 (Abgerufen: 4. Juli 2017, 06:59 UTC )
- Seite „Reichsamt für Bodenforschung“. In: Wikipedia, Die freie Enzyklopädie. Bearbeitungsstand: 8. August 2016, 14:31 UTC. URL: https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Reichsamt_f%C3%BCr_Bodenforschung&oldid=156828824 (Abgerufen: 4. Juli 2017, 07:01 UTC)
- Kangaroo Route. (2017, June 10). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 07:37, July 4, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kangaroo_Route&oldid=784943474
- Fare cost in 1949: FARE "WAR" ALLEGED BY BRITISH AIRLINE (1949, January 5). The Sun (Sydney, NSW : 1910 - 1954), p. 6 (LATE FINAL EXTRA). Retrieved July 4, 2017, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230238480
- My grandfather's salary: NAA: MT105/8, 1/6/4531 Page 2 of 143
- Average weekly earnings for men in Australia in 1949 was $8.44 which converts to approximately $440 or £220. Table LAB153 Average weekly earnings for males 31 December 1949 from Vamplew, Wray, 1943- Australians, historical statistics. Fairfax, Syme & Weldon Associates, Broadway, N.S.W., Australia, 1987. page 157.