Thursday, 24 July 2014

Plaisteds Wine Bar

The theme for this week's Sepia Saturday is 'signs'.

A bar in London which had operated in one form or another as a seller of alcohol since 1790 until it closed recently in about 2010, bore the surname of my fifth great grandfather.

The Coopers Arms, also known as Plaisteds Wine Bar, in 2008 (photograph from Wikimedia Commons taken by Ewan Munro and uploaded by Oxyman) [CC-BY-SA-2.0 (]

On 29 May 1832 my fifth great grandfather Thomas Plaisted (1777-1832) signed his will and added a codicil:
I Thomas Plaisted of the parish of Saint Paul Deptford in the county of Kent being of sound mind and memory do hereby make my last will and testament as follows To my wife Lydia Plaisted I leave the interest and rent of all my property during her natural life at her decease I direct that the whole of the property before named be sold and divided in equal parts John Plaisted Thomas Wilkes Plaisted Elizabeth Plaisted and Lydia Plaisted each having an equal share of the same and to my daughter Tabitha Ewer I direct that a fifth part of the above property when sold that she shall have the interest of for her natural life and at her decease to become the property of her daughter and the same to be invested for better security in one of the public funds of the kingdom I also direct that the interest of the above fifth share be paid to the said Tabitha Ewer exclusively and I hereby appoint my son Mr John Plaisted and Robert Law my sole executors as witness my hand this twenty ninth day of May one thousand eight hundred and thirty two—Thos Plaisted—witness—Frederick Dove—John Ewer—El Miles

Codicil I Thomas Plaisted do hereby acknowledge that the house known as the sign of the Coopers Arms Woolwich Kent has been from the taking of the above house and is now the property of my son John Plaisted and I do hereby direct that the Licences be transferred to him or to whom he shall appoint witness my hand this twenty ninth day of May one thousand eight hundred and thirty two—Thos Plaisted—witness—John Ewer (1832 PLAISTED Thomas, Kent, Jul 463 [PROB11/1803 (451-500) pages 100 R&L] transcribed by Jeanette Richmond)

Thomas died the next day and his will was proved at London on 19 July 1832.

It looks as though in preparing the will Thomas had forgotten that he had already transferred some property to his son John. John Plaisted (1800-1858) was my fourth great grandfather.

The earliest advertisement I have been able to find is from the West Kent Guardian in 1835.

The West Kent Guardian 26 December 1835 page 1

In December 1836 the partnership between John and his brother Thomas Wilkes Plaisted (1811-1886) for operating the Coopers' Arms was dissolved and Thomas Wilkes Plaisted continued to operate the business.
The London Gazette: no. 19450. p. 2606. 20 December 1836.

In the 1841 census John Plaisted was living with his wife, seven children, sister-in-law, and a female servant at Camberwell. His occupation was described as wine merchant. (Class: HO107; Piece: 1052; Book: 5; Civil Parish: St Giles Camberwell; County: Surrey; Enumeration District: 13; Folio: 6; Page: 6; Line: 9; GSU roll: 474651. Image of census viewed on

In 1842 John Plaisted was a Wine and Spirit Merchant and had been in partnership with John Vickers, John Vickers the younger and Benjamin Vickers. The partnership was dissolved and a new partnership formed without Benjamin.

The London Gazette: no. 20175. p. 3653. 9 December 1842.
An advertisement for Vickers, Plaisted, and Co's Diamond Grape Sherry in the Times 22 January 1845 page 10

In August 1848 the Vickers Plaisted partnership dissolved.

The London Gazette: no. 20888. p. 3097. 18 August 1848.

In 1849 John Plaisted emigrated to Australia with his family on the Rajah.  I have written previously about how John emigrated probably because he had tuberculosis.

Flickr has an image of a spirit bottle from Plaisted's of Woolwich at

Tuesday, 22 July 2014

1854 : The Chauncy family at Heathcote

In December 1854 at the time of the Eureka riot Philip Lamothe Snell Chauncy (1816 - 1880) was a surveyor at Heathcote . He was one of my great great great grandfathers. I am interested in working out where my forebears were at the time of the riots 160 years ago.

Philip Chauncy in 1878
In June 1853 the Chauncy family arrived in Victoria from Western Australia on the Alibi. In 1848 Philip married Susan Mitchell (1828-1867) in Western Australia. They had three young children, Theresa, Philip and William.

In September 1853, Philip Chauncy accepted the position of Surveyor-in-Charge of the McIvor district.  Heathcote was the centre of the McIvor diggings. McIvor was 72 miles from Melbourne. The journey there took the Chauncy family ten days. It rained for nine.  Philip describes the trip in a memoir he wrote about his wife Susie after her death in 1867. (Chauncy, Philip Lamothe Snell Memoirs of Mrs Poole and Mrs Chauncy. Lowden, Kilmore, Vic, 1976. (first published 1873) pp. 43-6)

In May of 1854, Philip was selling land at Heathcote, which about 80 miles north-east of Ballarat.

"M'IVOR DIGGINGS." The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) 20 May 1854: 3. Web. 27 Sep 2013 <>.

Sadly, in May 1854 his son Philip died of croup . I have written about this death in a previous post.
In May 1854, our darling little Philly caught cold, and Dr Sconce, the Government Assistant Surgeon, was called in to attend him. On the 12th of that month, Dr Robinson happening to be in our parlor-tent, and hearing Philly cough, said, "That child has croup." O what agony the information caused his dear mother. A day or two after this we removed him into the large new stone building which had just been erected for officer's quarters, but he gradually sank, and expired on the 19th May 1854, after a week's illness.  (Memoirs of Mrs Poole and Mrs Chauncy. p. 47.)
Philip Chauncy was granted £1546 by the Government to construct a building to serve as a survey office and a residence for his family. The building, completed in 1854, still stands in the main street of Heathcote. It was built of sandstone in a Georgian style with walls of coursed rubble and three chimneys. In the 1850s there was a small arched entrance porch and arched windows with fanlights on either side. There were two rooms at the front and an arched opening leading to a passage at the rear with two more rooms opening off it. After the 1860s it was no longer required as a survey office and it was bought by the owner of a local store who made substantial timber additions. (Victorian Heritage Database )

The survey office and Chauncy's house in January 2007
The survey office in 2007 showing the later timber additions

At the time of the Eureka rebellion in December 1854, Heathcote was a prosperous and growing gold mining town.

THE VICTORIA GOLD FIELDS. (1854, December 7). Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), p. 3. Retrieved July 22, 2014, from
The Eureka riot in Ballarat in early December just over 80 miles to the south west did not slow mining activity in Heathcote. A public meeting was held at the Heathcote Hotel on 15 December which discussed prospecting, noting that about fifty puddling machines had been erected on the creek and seemed to be doing remarkably well. No mention was made of the riot or license fees.
M'IVOR. (1854, December 19). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 4. Retrieved July 22, 2014, from
On 10 June 1855 Philip and Susan's fourth child, Auschar Philip Chauncy was born at Heathcote. In 1857 my great great grandmother Annie Frances was born at Heathcote and in 1859 her sister Constance was born there. Altogether, the family spent six and a half years at Heathcote then, in 1860, moved to Dunolly.

Monday, 14 July 2014

Trove Tuesday: Cricket and the Duke of Edinburgh's visit in 1867

Duke of Edinburgh about 1867
In 1858 Alfred (1844-1900), the second son of Queen Victoria, joined the navy as a midshipman. He was promoted to lieutenant in 1863 and three years later, in 1866, gained the rank of captain, appointed to command the steam frigate HMS Galatea. In the same year Alfred was made Duke of Edinburgh in the Queen's Birthday Honours list.

The Galatea sailed for the Mediterranean in February 1867 and then to Brazil on June 12 for a state visit to the emperor of Brazil. After two months at the Cape, the Galatea arrived at Adelaide on 31 October 1867 and commenced a royal tour of Australia. The Galatea visited Melbourne, Tasmania, Sydney and Brisbane.

On the Galatea were two of my relatives from two different branches of my family tree: Sub-lieutenant Guy Mainwaring (1847-1909) and Midshipman Philip Augustus Champion de Crespigny (1850-1912). When the ship arrived in Adelaide, she had 540 men aboard: 42 officers of all ranks, 46 boys, 70 marines and 382 blue jackets.1

The Royal navy frigate HMS Galatea sits moored in Farm Cove 1868. Picture: Daniel Solander Library at the Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney. retrieved from

The Galatea fielded a cricket team and Philip de Crespigny played with them in Adelaide on 8 November 1867 against the members of the South Australian Cricket Club. The South Australians won the game but the commentary favourably noted de Crespigny's bowling and batting.2

In March 1869 the men of the Galatea, including Philip de Crespigny, played against a team of Aboriginal cricketers. The game was over two days and was a draw with the Aboriginal team scoring 331 for 9 wickets against 293 with the loss of five wickets.3

Three masted sailing ship H.M.S. Galatea, ca. 1868 from the Archer Family Photograph Album now in the collection of the John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland retrieved from

Mainwaring did not play cricket but did perform in the Galatea's theatrical entertainment. For example when the Galatea was due to depart Sydney in March 1869, Lieutenant Mainwaring appeared as Gimlet in a comedy performed for several hundred guests. The Sydney Morning Herald reported it as a "highly creditable performance".4 He also appeared as the Ancient Mariner.5

A fellow officer, Lord Charles Beresford, danced the hornpipe. Later in the voyage while in Hong Kong, Guy Mainwaring and Charles Beresford were photographed together in costume. (This is the Charles Beresford who as Admiral became notorious for his bitter dispute with Sir John (Jackie) Fisher, First Sea Lord. )

Lord Charles Beresford and Guy Mainwaring, photographed in Hong Kong in 1869 while serving on HMS Galatea retrieved from the Library of Nineteenth Century Photography . Looking at other photographs of Beresford, it would seem that the bearded man is Guy Mainwaring.

Guy Mainwaring was my third great grand uncle. Philip Augustus Champion de Crespigny was my fourth cousin three times removed.

Guy Mainwaring retired from the Royal Navy with the rank of captain in 1895.

Philip was promoted to Lieutenant on 8 August 1874. As late as 1903 he appeared in the Navy List still with the rank of lieutenant but on part pay. He played first class cricket in England and his obituary in Wisden Cricketers' Almanack mentioned that he played played for Hampshire v. Somerset at Bournemouth in 1880, scoring 2 and 3. It also mentions that he was on the Galatea.

The Royal visit was extensively reported. There are over 6,000 newspaper articles currently on the National Library of Australia's digitised newspaper collection at which mention the visit of the Galatea and the Duke of Edinburgh in the late 1860s.


1. H.M.S.S. GALATEA. (1867, October 31). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 2. Retrieved June 9, 2014, from
2. DUKE OF EDINBURGH'S VISIT TO ADELAIDE.—The Cricket match. (1867, November 26). Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers (Melbourne, Vic. : 1867 - 1875), p. 10. Retrieved June 9, 2014, from
3. CRICKET. (1869, March 4). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 5. Retrieved June 9, 2014, from
4. THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH IN SYDNEY. (1869, April 21). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 5. Retrieved July 13, 2014, from
5. THE GALATEA FETE. (1869, April 15). Illustrated Sydney News (NSW : 1853 - 1872), p. 3. Retrieved July 14, 2014, from

Sunday, 13 July 2014

Annie Tuckfield Edwards (1879-1906) - Lieutenant of the Salvation Army

Annie Tuckfield Edwards
Annie Tuckfield Edwards (1879-1906) was born Port Adelaide, South Australia, to Francis Gilbart Edwards (1848-1913) and his wife Caroline Edwards née Ralph (1850-1896). Annie was the fourth of their ten children.

Annie's parents had married in Ballarat in 1870. Their oldest three children were born there. Sometime between 1876 and 1879 the family moved to South Australia. Two more children were born in South Australia. A seventh child was born in Ballarat in 1887 and not long afterwards the family moved to Melbourne, and this infant son died in Richmond, Victoria in March 1888. Annie's father Francis had joined the railways on 1 December 1887. Two more sons were born. From the place of birth information on their birth certificates it appears that the family moved from Richmond to East Brunswick, Victoria. In 1893 the youngest child, Arnold, was born in Brighton and died a year later in Elsternwick. In July 1896 Caroline died, in Grant Street, Brighton of cancer of the uterus.  Annie was 17 when her mother died.

Annie began following the church of the Salvation Army around 1897. Two years later she became a member of the church, a "Salvationist".

The Salvation Army was founded by William Booth, a former Methodist Reform Church minister.  The Edwards were Methodists and were very proud of their connection by marriage to Francis Tuckfield, a Methodist missionary of the Geelong district. Francis Tuckfield (1808-1865) was the husband of the sister of  Annie's grandmother.  Annie's middle name was bestowed because of the Tuckfield connection.

The Salvation Army began as a mission to the poor in the East End of  London in 1865. The Church commenced in Australia in Adelaide in 1880. By 1900, the Salvation Army in Australia had about 50,000 soldiers (members) in 512 Corps (churches) with 1,929 officers, cadets or employees.
    When she joined the Salvation Army, Annie became a "Young People's Worker".  Around 1904, five years after joining the Army, Annie applied to become an Officer. Her application was rejected because of her poor health.  However, she was made a Sergeant responsible for "Rescue Work" and she was later appointed to the Girls' Home in Beaumont, South Australia.  Her health improved and she was promoted to Lieutenant around 1905.

    The Girls' Probationary School was run by the Salvation Army under the control of the State government. The home opened at Woodville in 1901. It was at Sea View House, Beaumont from 1905 to 1910. It was then at Norwood and from 1912 at Fullerton. The school was for children in Government care considered to have behavioural problems.

    In 1906 Annie became ill with consumption - tuberculosis  - and died in May aged 27 after an illness of five months.  She was buried in the Wesleyan section of Booroondara General Cemetery at Kew, a suburb of Melbourne, sharing a plot with her mother and two infant brothers. The Salvation Army's newspaper, the War Cry, had an obituary on 15 June 1906.

    A headstone recently installed by a great grand daughter of Annie's mother Caroline at Booroondara Cemetery
    Annnie Tuckfield Edwards was my husband's great grand aunt.

    I am grateful to the research officer of the Salvation Army Heritage Centre in Bourke Street Melbourne for locating and making available articles about the Edwards family in its archives.

    I am also grateful to my husband's cousin for the providing photographs, which prompted me to research Annie's short life.

    Saturday, 12 July 2014

    Edwards family immigration on the Lysander arriving in the Port Phillip District in 1849

    My husband's great great great grandparents were Thomas Edwards (1794-1871) and Mary née Gilbart (1805-1867) from St Erth in Cornwall.

    They were married on 14 March 1826 in the parish church St Erth.

    St Erth Church - - 1222397
    St Erth Church dates from the 14th century. St Erth was an Irish saint, said to have been an acquaintance of St Patrick. His remains are supposedly buried under this church, seen here from across the River Hayle. Picture retrieved from Wikimedia Commons, taken by Stephen McKay and licensed for reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 license
    Thomas and Mary's oldest son Thomas was baptised at St Erth on 27 August 1826.

    On the 1841 census Thomas was a carpenter living with his wife Mary and  five children at Bridge Terrace St Erth.

    The youngest of the nine children of Thomas and Mary, Francis Gilbart Edwards, was born 21 January 1848 at St Erth, he was christened at the parish church.

    Shortly after the birth of Francis, the family emigrated to Victoria, sailing on the Lysander from Plymouth on 21 September 1848 and arriving at Port Phillip on 13 January 1849.

    PORT PHILLIP. (1849, January 24). The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), p. 2. Retrieved July 11, 2014, from
    In 1837 Mary's sister Sarah (1808-1854) had married Francis Tuckfield (1808-1865) who was a Methodist missionary to the Aborigines at Buntingdale near Geelong. The Tuckfields had been in the colony since 1838.

    The passenger list of the Lysander shows the Edwards family were Wesleyan and their native place was given as St Ives. Thomas was 53 and his occupation was wheelwright. Mary was 43. The passenger list records that they were accompanied by:
    • Thomas, age 22, farm labourer
    • John, age 19, mason
    • Elisabeth, age 17, nursemaid
    • James, age 13
    • Mary, age 11
    • William, age 9
    • Benjamin, age 5
    • Francis, infant
    The older children could both read and write, William and Benjamin could read. One child, Francis, had died at the age of 3 in St Erth in 1844.

    On arrival it seems there was some difficulty with the immigration of passengers from the Lysander. At the time of the arrival the Lysander, La Trobe was meeting with the people of the Portland district.

    Domestic Intelligence. (1849, February 6). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 2. Retrieved July 11, 2014, from
    The Launceston Examiner on the 14th of February gives us a little more information. The Superintendant of the Port Phillip District, Charles La Trobe, wanted the immigrants to proceed to Portland but they were refusing to do so.

    PORT PHILLIP. (1849, February 14). Launceston Examiner (Tas. : 1842 - 1899), p. 4 Edition: AFTERNOON. Retrieved July 11, 2014, from

    An article in The Cornwall Chronicle (Launceston, Tas. : 1835 - 1880), Saturday 17 February 1849, page 377 goes into further detail.

    However, on 26 January, the Argus had reported that 
    The project of sending a shipment of the recently arrived immigrants to Portland has been abandoned, the number willing to proceed to that port being found insufficient to warrant the chartering of a vessel for the purpose.

    As Superintendent of the Port Phillip district, Charles la Trobe was
    responsible for administering immigration in conjunction with the British Emigration Agent in London who supervised the selection of applicants and arranged for their passage. The Superintendent’s responsibilities included local administration of Government funded assisted immigration schemes, reception and initial settlement of immigrants as well as monitoring immigrant arrivals, including inspection of ships, certification of passenger lists, and regulating alien immigration. Locally appointed Immigration Agents assisted the Superintendent with many of these responsibilities.

    I assume the Edwards family may not have been caught up in this immigration delay as they already had connections in the colony.