Friday, 27 September 2013

Sepia Saturday 196 : Sick Children

This week's Sepia Saturday blog prompt is an illustration of a little boy sick in bed.

I have no pictures of sick children who are related to me, but in my family tree there are many instances of childhood deaths from illness.

During my childhood, I suffered appendicitis and was hospitalised but had no major infection, though I think I remember suffering from chicken pox. I can remember my brother having the mumps and having his tonsils out when he was small.

My parents both spoke of serious illnesses in their childhood. Among these illnesses, my father had scarlet fever and my mother diphtheria.  My father was an only child and my mother has one sister - neither suffered the death of a sibling.

The father of my husband Greg was an only child, but Greg's mother had several brothers and sisters including one, Gwendolyn Phyllis Sullivan (6 January 1933 - 30 May 1935), who died young.  Marjorie, Greg's mother, had helped to care for Gwendolyn and never forgot her little sister who died of meningitis when only two. Marjorie, who was 13 years older, had left school to help look after Gwenny when she was born. Marjorie recalled the little girl was sick with stomach cramps on Monday and died on Wednesday; 30 May was in fact Thursday but perhaps she died early that morning.  Gwendolyn is buried at Malmsbury cemetery, Methodist Comp. 2 Sect 1 Grave 164.  It seems that she has no headstone. (Judkins, Carol. "Malmsbury Cemetery." Carol's Headstone Photographs. Rootsweb, Apr. 2008. Web. 20 Sept. 2013. <>.)

Greg's paternal grandfather Cecil Young had one brother, one sister and three half-siblings.  His sister Caroline Young (June 1895 - 10 July 1895) died 2 1/2 weeks after she was born on 10 July 1895. The cause of death was given as "debility from birth". She is buried in Timor cemetery.

Greg's paternal grandmother Elizabeth Cross was one of ten children.  They all lived to adulthood. Greg's maternal grandfather Arthur Sullivan had four brothers and sisters, a half-sister and a half-brother, William Ernest Dare Morley, who died on 2 February 1880 at East Brighton of "congestion of the brain" aged 15 days. Greg's maternal grandmother, Stella Esther Gilbart Dawson, was one of eight children, all of whom survived until adulthood.

Of my grandparents, only my maternal grandmother had a sibling who died young.  Emil Oswald Manock was born on 17 April 1914 at Steglitz, Berlin and died there on 3 December 1914. My grandmother told me her brother died from "a hole in the heart".

Our great grand parents' generation

John Young, my husband's great grandfather, had 12 siblings, five died young.  The first child of George and Caroline Young was George Young who was born and died in 1854, probably at Beechworth.  His birth and death predate civil registration in Victoria and there is no death certificate. He was remembered on each of his sibling's birth certificates. Annie Young died 16 April 1873 aged 10 months of dysentery at Lamplough. In 1876 the Young family lost three children within a month. On 31 March Laura Young died aged 2 from diphtheria after an illness of 5 days.  On 21 April her brother Edmund Young aged 6 years also died of diphtheria after an illness of 14 days. On 27 April Caroline Young aged 8 1/2 years died of scarletina maligna (acute scarlet fever) after an illness of 1 week.

Sarah Jane Way, the wife of John Young, had nine siblings of whom four died young. William John Way died aged 6 months on 18 January 1858 of "congestion of the brain" at East Collingwood, Melbourne.  Mary Jane Way died age 4 months on 19 June 1859 of "cancer of the eye" also at East Collingwood. Martha Way died aged 13 months on 10 August 1875 of rubella at Parkes, New South Wales. Harriet Elizabeth Way died two days after her ninth birthday on 18 May 1879 of typhoid fever at Parkes.

Frederick James Cross had ten siblings. One died young. Thomas Bailey Cross aged 2 died at Carngham on 28 January 1875.  In the photograph below taken about 1890, Thomas is represented by the dark cloth on the floor in the lower right hand corner of the picture.  On the back of the photo his name was with those of his brother's and sisters. 

Ellen Cross and family about 1890. Picture from Gale Robertson, great grand daughter of Frederick James Cross and great great grand daughter of Ellen.

Ann Jane Plowright, wife of Frederick James Cross, had six siblings. Two died young. John Plowright died on 20 January 1872 aged 4 days old after a premature birth at Homebush near Avoca, Victoria. Frederick Edward Plowright died aged 14 years at Homebush on 24 April 1878.  He was cutting down a tree and it fell on him, breaking his neck. He died instantly.
"TELEGRAPHIC DESPATCHES." The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) 26 Apr 1878: 5. Web. 21 Sep 2013 <>.

Anne Morley had seven siblings. Five died young. William Morley born about 1849 and Peter Morley born about 1851 had both died in England before the family emigrated in 1853. Elizabeth Morley died at Collingwood Flat on 10 March 1854 aged 5 years old of "Tabes Mesenterica":  tuberculosis or swelling of the lymph glands inside the abdomen. Children became ill drinking milk from cows infected with tuberculosis. This is now uncommon as milk is pasteurised. ("Tabes Mesenterica (Meaning Of)." Encyclo Online Encyclopaedia. Encyclo, 2012. Web. 21 Sept. 2013. < mesenterica>.) Harriet Ann Morley died at East Collingwood on 5 January 1858 of atrophy aged 15 months. Mary Jane Morley died age 3 in 1858.

Henry Dawson, the son of Isaac Dawson and Eliza Skerrit was born on 30 Jul 1864 in Corby, near Grantham, Lincolnshire, England. He had a twin brother, Charles, and at least eight other siblings, of whom one, George Dawson (1862 - 1863) died aged less than two years old.

Edith Caroline Edwards, daughter of Francis Gilbart Edwards and Caroline Ralph was born on 16 Sep 1871 in Sunnyside, Ballarat, Victoria. She had nine siblings of whom two died young. Benjamin Gilbart Edwards (1887 - 1888) was born in Ballarat and died aged 10 months at Richmond in Melbourne. Ernest Francis Gilbart Edwards (1891 -1901) died aged 10 in Brighton.

The siblings of my paternal great grandparents all survived to adulthood except one.  Mary Jane Cudmore, one of 13 children, died aged 11 months on 20 November 1884 and is buried at Brighton cemetery, Adelaide.

I know only a little of the siblings of my maternal great grandparents and I have details only of those that survived to adulthood. It may be that they all did survive, but more research is needed to be sure.

I don't have enough details to look back one further generation to the siblings of my and my husband's great great grandparents. While I have details about a few of the families, information on others is missing.  Hence I shall mention only one death from that generation.My great great great grandfather wrote about the death of his son at Heathcote and sketched his grave. The headstone, although damaged, still survives.

Sketch by Philip Lamothe Snell Chauncy of the grave of his son Philip who died at Heathcote aged 3 years. From opposite page 33 of his book Memoirs of Mrs. Poole and Mrs. Chauncy
 Philip Lamothe Chauncy (23 March 1851 - 19 May 1854)  was the first son of Philip Lamothe Snell Chauncy and his wife Susan Mitchell.  He died before my great great grandmother, Annie Frances Chauncy was born. In his memoir about his wife, Philip wrote:
... our first son, named Philip Lamothe, was born on the 23rd March, 1851. I think my dear Susie's maternal instincts were unusually strong, and oh how true she was to them! How devoted she was to that child! He grew up to be a lovely boy, the admiration of all who knew him; but he had too heavenly a look for this world. He was the source of the most inexpressible delight to his mother; her eyes used to feast on his beaming little face; she looked the most un-utterable blessings on him. But alas, he was too exotic a plant to live on this earth, and was taken from us by our all-wise God, at Heathcote, Victoria, on the 19th of May, 1854. To the day of her death, his words and looks and little actions were fresh in her memory. I think she never completely recovered from the shock occasioned by the death of our little Philip; indeed, I now remember she said, shortly before she was taken from us, that she had never got over it, although she was quite resigned to the will of God, and would not have been so selfish as to have wished him back again.  (Chauncy, Philip Lamothe Snell Memoirs of Mrs Poole and Mrs Chauncy. Lowden, Kilmore, Vic, 1976.Pages 37-8)
In May 1854, our darling little Philly caught cold, and Dr Sconce, the Government Assistant Surgeon, was called in to attend him. On the 12th of that month, Dr Robinson happening to be in our parlor-tent, and hearing Philly cough, said, "That child has croup." O what agony the information caused his dear mother. A day or two after this we removed him into the large new stone building which had just been erected for officer's quarters, but he gradually sank, and expired on the 19th May 1854, after a week's illness. (Chauncy Memoirs already cited, page 47)
A recent photo of the grave of  Philip Lamothe Chauncy at Heathcote with thanks to (and permission to reproduce from) Carol Judkins of

Most of our forebears came from Victoria and we are fortunate in the high quality of vital records which provide a lot of information for family history.  In the summary below, where cause of death is not stated I have not obtained the death certificate.

Summary of our aunt, great aunts and uncles and great great aunts and uncles who died as children :

Aunt :
  • Gwendolyn Phillis Sullivan died age 2 in 1935 of meningitis
Great aunt and great uncles :
  • Caroline Young died age 2 1/2 weeks in  1895 of "debility from birth"
  • William Ernest Dare Morley died age 15 days in 1880 from "congestion of the brain"
  • Emil Oswald Manock died age 7 1/2 months in 1914 of a "hole in the heart"
 Great great aunts and great great uncles :
  • George Young died as an infant in 1854
  • Annie Young died age 10 months in 1873 from dysentery
  • Laura Young died age 2 in 1876 from diphtheria
  • Edmund Young died age 6 in 1876 from diphtheria
  • Caroline Young died age 8 in 1876 from scarletina maligna
  • William John Way died age 6 months in 1858 of "congestion of the brain"
  • Mary Jane Way died age 4 months in 1859 of "cancer of the eye"
  • Martha Way died age 13 months in 1875 of rubella
  • Harriet Elizabeth Way died age 9 in 1879 of typhoid
  • Thomas Bailey Cross died age 2 in 1875
  • John Plowright died age 4 days in 1875 having been born prematurely
  • Frederick John Plowright died age 14 years in 1878 from an accident
  • William Morley died as an infant or small child before 1853
  • Peter Morley died as an infant or small child before 1853
  • Elizabeth Morley died age 5 in 1854 from  Tabes Mesenterica
  • Harriet Ann Morley died age 15 months in 1858 of atrophy
  • Mary Jane Morley died age 3 in 1858
  • George Dawson died before he was 2 in 1863
  • Benjamin Gilbart Edwards died age 10 months in 1888
  • Ernest Francis Gilbart Edwards died age 10 in 1901
  • Mary Jane Cudmore died age 11 months in 1884

Tuesday, 24 September 2013

Trove Tuesday : Nihill v. Fox

This strange case concerns the grave of my fourth great grandfather.

Daniel James Nihill (1761 - 1846) died at SeaView, Adelaide, South Australia on 14 October 1846. He is now buried in the Old Catholic section of West Terrace cemetery, but was first buried in the Protestant section.

The South Australian Register on 30 March 1860, reported a dispute between two of his seven children, James Nihill (1823 -1877) and Frances Fox née  Nihill (1826 - 1895), over the place of burial of Daniel Nihill. James had arranged for his father to be buried in the Protestant section of West Terrace Cemetery. In September 1859, however, he found that his sister Frances had arranged for her father's remains to be exhumed and reburied in the Roman Catholic section. James took his sister to court over the matter.

Their mother, Daniel's wife, Dymphna Nihill  née  Gardiner (1790 - 1866), was a witness in the court case. She was quite frail and rather deaf. 

At the time that Daniel Nihill's grave was opened, all that was left were some bones in the place of a decayed coffin.  The bones were placed in a new coffin for re-interment.

Daniel Nihill was said not to have been interested in religion.  James Nihill asserted that his father made only an outward profession of Roman Catholic faith in Ireland because "it was a disturbed period". However Daniel did not, as far as James knew, attend a Roman Catholic Church while living in South Australia. 

Frances was a Catholic. In the court case it was stated she became a Catholic in 1847.  She married Arthur Fox (1817 - 1853) on 26 July 1846.  Arthur Fox was said to have meddled in the Nihill  family's Protestantism, to the extent of arranging for a priest to visit the day before the death of Daniel Nihill.

Arthur Fox had been in partnership with James Nihill. After Arthur's death in 1853, James Nihill was a trustee of his estate but had been asked to resign. 

There seems to have been several disputes that went to court between James Nihill and Frances Fox since the death of Arthur Fox.

The jury's verdict was in favour of James Nihill, awarding him 40 shillings and stipulating that the the tomb was to be restored at the expense of the defendant, Frances. However, the judge decided that effect could not be given to the restoration of the tomb. The outcome of the case was thus that Frances Fox had to pay her brother 40 shillings but the body of Daniel Nihill was to be allowed to remain in the Catholic section of the cemetery.

The expenses incurred by James in erecting the tomb and enclosing the site in the Protestant section of the cemetery were reported as being between £30 and £40.  

James had retained the South Australian Attorney-General to represent him in court.

I contacted the Adelaide Cemeteries Authority about the case.  They have few records from the 1840s and 1850s. There is a notation in a lease register book that the lease taken out by James Nihill was surrendered in 1856 but with no other detail.  Perhaps this is when Frances arranged the re-interment, although from the newspaper report it seems that James only discovered in September 1859 that his father's body had been moved.  The Adelaide Cemeteries Authority do not have records about when the Fox family purchased the grave site.  As the Protestant grave site lease was surrendered in 1856, the Authority cannot identify who is using the site now but it seems it was not reused by a member of the Nihill family.

"LAW AND CRIMINAL COURTS." South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) 30 Mar 1860: 3. Web. 24 Sep 2013 <>.

Friday, 20 September 2013

Sepia Saturday 195 : International Day of Peace

This week's Sepia Saturday blogging theme is on Peace as 21 September is International Day of Peace.

Just the other day I posted a piece about my 1st cousin, three times removed, Vida Goldstein (1869 - 1949), a noted suffragette and campaigner for Peace.  She was the first woman in Australia to stand for Federal Parliament.

I haven't found a picture of Vida campaigning for peace or political purposes.  The photograph below is in the collection of the National Library of Australia.

Portrait of Vida Goldstein sometime after 1900.  From the collection of the National Library of Australia retrieved from 20 September 2013

As a suffragette Vida travelled the world.

She met President Theodore Roosevelt in 1902 at the time of the first International Women's Suffrage Alliance conference convened in Washington.  She also addressed committees of the US Senate and House of Representatives on the suffrage question. She was elected secretary of the Conference.

"PERSONAL ITEMS." The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) 9 Aug 1902: 18. Web. 20 Sep 2013 <>.
 In 1911 Vida was in London for the Great suffragette demonstration.

"11.950 Great suffragette demonstration in London, Mrs Fisher, Mrs McGowan and Miss Vida Goldstein from Australia, copyright 1911 by Geo. Rose" --Caption below stereograph. "The Rose Stereographs, Melbourne, Sydney, Wellington & London" (No longer in copyright according to Australian law). Retrieved from "Great Suffragette Demonstration in London." Culture Victoria - Women's Suffrage. Arts Victoria (State Government of Victoria), 2010. Web. 20 Sept. 2013. <>. Vida is on the right in the white dress.

The Women's Peace Army was formed in Melbourne in July 1915 with Vida Goldstein presiding.
"WOMEN'S PEACE ARMY FORMED." Leader (Melbourne, Vic. : 1914 - 1918) 10 Jul 1915: 49 Edition: WEEKLY. Web. 20 Sep 2013 <>.

Vida Goldstein never married. This gave the Mirror of Australia an opportunity for a cheap jibe when reporting meetings of the peace movement.

"MELBOURNE IN THE MIRROR." The Mirror of Australia (Sydney, NSW : 1915 - 1917) 18 Dec 1915: 6. Web. 20 Sep 2013 <>.

Peace was generally not a popular subject in 1917 when Vida was seeking election to Federal Parliament.
"IDEALISM AND REALITY." Maryborough & Dunolly Advertiser (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) 30 Apr 1917: 4. Web. 20 Sep 2013 <>. This article was widely syndicated, the Maryborough and Dunolly Advertiser just one of many carrying it..
Apart from the arguments in the above article it was suggested that there could be peace tomorrow if we surrendered. This was not a position viewed favourably by Mr Rodgers, the retiring member for Wannon in the House of Representatives. ("National Politics." Koroit Sentinel and Tower Hill Advocate (Vic. : 1914 - 1918) 28 Apr 1917: 3. Web. 20 Sep 2013 <>.)

There was opposition to her standing as a candidate for election
"DETERMINED WOMAN CANDIDATE." The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) 10 Apr 1917: 4. Web. 20 Sep 2013 <>.

Vida polled extremely poorly attracting only 4,446 votes and all other candidates polled significantly better.  In 1903 her Senate candidature attracted more than 51,000 votes.  Vida had also stood in 1910, 1913,  and 1914. She stood for the last time in 1917.

"AUSTRALIA'S ANSWER." The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) 7 May 1917: 5. Web. 20 Sep 2013 <>.
In 1919 Vida accepted an invitation to represent Australian women at a Women's Peace Conference in Zurich. She was away from Australia for three years and this period was the end of her involvement in Australia politics. (Janice N. Brownfoot, 'Goldstein, Vida Jane (1869–1949)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 20 September 2013.)

She is remembered and honoured by the Division of Goldstein in Victoria being named after her in 1984. The electorate is in the south-east of Melbourne. ("Goldstein Results." Federal Election 2013 - Live Results. Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 2013. Web. 20 Sept. 2013. <>.)  

Vida's birthplace of Portland in Victoria has erected a bench in her honour which has, among other words, the word PEACE incorporated into the design. (Gervasoni, Lisa. "Vida Goldstein Chair_5268." Flickr. Yahoo!, 2011. Web. 20 Sept. 2013. <>.)

Saturday, 14 September 2013

Sepia Saturday 194 : Eureka

This week's Sepia Saturday theme concerns sewing a flag and being from Ballarat I must talk about Eureka and it's flag.

The pictures below were painted by Charles Doudiet, a Canadian artist who was at the Eureka rebellion of November and December 1854.  His watercolour sketches made at the time of the rebellion were acquired by the Art Gallery of Ballarat in 1996. ("Doudiet, Charles Alphonse." Art Gallery of Ballarat. Art Gallery of Ballarat, 2010. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <,-charles-alphonse.aspx>.)

The flag was first flown at Bakery Hill at Ballarat on 29 November 1854 at a so-called "Monster Meeting" of 12,000 people.  The miners of Ballarat were protesting against the licensing system, their lack of voting rights, and the acquittal of a publican who they believed had murdered a young miner; this last incident being symptomatic of a corrupt bureaucracy.  They had sent a deputation to the governor but he had dismissed the charter from the miners.  This meeting was to hear back from the deputation that had met with the governor.

Swearing allegiance to the "Southern Cross"

The flag was next flown over a stockade at Eureka, Ballarat, which was built on 30 November. (Eureka is just over 2 kilometers or less than half an hour's walk from Bakery Hill). Very early on the morning of 3 December Government troops stormed the stockade and overpowered the 150 miners who were there at the time.  25 miners were killed, 100 were captured, 5 soldiers were killed.

Eureka Slaughter 3rd December
Miners were charged with treason but they were acquitted.  Laws were changed and the miners' grievances were dealt with.  The flag was used in evidence at the trials.

Mark Twain wrote in 1897:
"It was a revolution - small in size, but great politically; it was a strike against injustice and oppression...It is another instance of a victory won by a lost battle. It adds an honourable page to history; the people know it and are proud of it. They keep green the memory of the men who fell at the Eureka Stockade."("The Eureka Massacre." N.p., 2013. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <>.)

The flag is big. It is 2.6 metres by 3.2 metres.  A common flag size is about 1 by 1.5 metres or 3 by 5 feet.  A flag 1.8 by 3 metres or 6 by 10 feet is considered very large and is suggested for a 40 foot flagpole. ("Standard Flag Sizes." Zephyr Direct. Zephyr Racing Pennants Ltd, 2013. Web. 13 Sept. 2013. <>.)  The Eureka Flag is said to have flown from a pole 80 feet tall. ("Eureka Flag." Eurekapedia. Ballarat Reform League Inc., 15 Aug. 2013. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <>.)

One of the best readily available articles on the history of the Eureka Flag is at . (Beggs-Sunter, Anne. "The History of the Eureka Flag as a Cultural Heritage Icon."EGold - A Nation's Heritage. Cultural Heritage Unit, The University of Melbourne, 2010. Web. 13 Sept. 2013. <>) The article talks about how the flag was rescued after the battle, how it came to be in the Art Gallery's collection, and about the souveniring from the flag.  Dr Beggs-Sunter also makes clear that the issue of who made the flag is not resolved.  The sewing of the flag is often attributed to three women who were wives of miners involved in the rebellion.

On Monday my son and I visited the new museum at the site of the Eureka rebellion to reacquaint ourselves with the flag which had moved from the Ballarat Art Gallery earlier this year on loan to the new museum. The flag has recently undergone conservation treatment. The flag is a wonderful thing to see live.  You can appreciate the different materials used and the fine stitching, as well as its size.

The flag has been said to be the most important European textile in Australia. (Burin, Margaret. "Eureka Flag Restored and Returned for Rebellion Anniversary." ABC Ballarat. Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 2 Dec. 2011. Web. 14 Sept. 2013. <>.) I certainly can't think of a more important European textile in Australia.

Inspired by this blogging prompt, I propose over the next few months to explore where my forebears were in November and December 1854 and what Eureka might have meant to them.  I know some of my husband's forebears were miners in the vicinity of Ballarat at the time but they are not named as taking part in the rebellion.  It is estimated that in 1854 there were 25,000 miners on the Ballarat goldfields.  

See also

 "Art Gallery of Ballarat." The Flag of the Southern Cross (Eureka Flag). Art Gallery of Ballarat, n.d. Web. 12 Sept. 2013. <>.

Wednesday, 11 September 2013

Wednesday Wedding : 11 September 1906 de Crespigny and Hughes

My great grandparents Constantine Trent Champion de Crespigny (1882 - 1952) and Beatrix Hughes (1884 -1943) were married 107 years ago today.
Family Notices. (1906, October 24). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 1. Retrieved September 11, 2013, from

When looking at the material on Vida Goldstein yesterday, I noticed that a wedding picture was included in the collection donated by Leslie Henderson who was the young bridesmaid.  The other attendants were Miss Edith Minchin (Beaufort) and Miss M. L. Hamilton (Ballarat). Mr George Perry, of Melbourne, was best man, and Mr Balcombe Beggs and Dr. Dunhill were the groomsmen.

From the State Library of Victoria, item donated by L. Henderson
 The book Cherry Stones by Helen Hudson includes a copy of the wedding invitation and a transcription of a long newspaper article on the wedding detailing the wedding and the presents. Hudson, Helen Lesley (1985). Cherry stones : adventures in genealogy of Taylor, Hutcheson, Hawkins of Scotland, Plaisted, Green, Hughes of England and Wales ... who immigrated to Australia between 1822 and 1850. H.L. Hudson, [Berwick] Vic  pages 84-7)

(newspaper was not specified)

Tuesday, 10 September 2013

Trove Tuesday: Vida Mary Jane Goldstein (1869 - 1949)

Vida Goldstein (1869 - 1949) was my first cousin three times removed and stood for the Senate in 1903, 110 years ago. Although she was not elected, she was the first woman in Australia to stand for election to the Federal parliament and one of four women who were the first in the British Empire to be nominated and to stand for election to a national parliament. She was also a key campaigner for the vote for women in Victoria.  She has an entry in the Australian Dictionary of Biography and also on Trove. (Janice N. Brownfoot, 'Goldstein, Vida Jane (1869–1949)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.  Retrieved September 10, 2013, from (Goldstein, Vida (1869-1949). (2008). In Trove. Retrieved September 10, 2013, from

Vida was a relative from my Hughes branch and I first learned of the family connection through Helen Hudson née Hughes (1915 - 2005) who enjoyed researching the family history and wrote a book, Cherry Stones, which I have found tremendously useful in following up on her research. Hudson, Helen Lesley (1985). Cherry stones : adventures in genealogy of Taylor, Hutcheson, Hawkins of Scotland, Plaisted, Green, Hughes of England and Wales ... who immigrated to Australia between 1822 and 1850. H.L. Hudson, [Berwick] Vic )

Vidal was the daughter of Isabella née Hawkins (1849 - 1916) and Jacob Goldstein (1839 - 1910). Isabella was the sister of my great great grandmother Jeanie (1862 - 1941) who married Edward Walter Hughes.

Last weekend's election prompted me to search for mentions of Vida's political career.  She has been the subject of several books and I have come across a memorial mentioning her name at Parliament House in Canberra.  When researching Avoca at the time of World War 1, I noted that as a candidate at that time only four people voted for her from Avoca; but then again she had not visited the town to campaign.

In 1903 her campaign for the senate received wide coverage.  Trove newspaper search has 353 items in its newspaper database for 1903.  The coverage is across Australia, not only in Victoria; newspapers as far afield as Kalgoorlie, Western Australia, Broken Hill, New South Wales, and Brisbane, Queensland reporting on her campaign.

Meetings were well attended and usually reported on at length with details of the speeches and questions to the candidate.  Here is a short report of a meeting at Echuca in northern Victoria.  It is a small town but she had an audience estimated at 600 to 700.
THE SENATE. (1903, December 11). Bendigo Advertiser (Vic. : 1855 - 1918), p. 3. Retrieved September 10, 2013, from
Vida gained more than 50,000 votes and ranked 15th out of 18 candidates for the four senate seats.

THE SENATE. (1903, December 22). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 5. Retrieved September 10, 2013, from

Vida spoke about the aftermath of the election:
A LADY CANDIDATE'S OPINION. (1903, December 24). The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931), p. 5. Retrieved September 10, 2013, from

My search on Trove found a picture of her I had not seen before.

The image is from the collection of the State Library of Victoria. Their catalogue entry: 
  • Title: Miles Franklin [and] Vida Goldstein [picture]
  • Publisher: ca. 1900-ca. 1920 
  • Date(s): 1900 
  • Description: photograph : gelatin silver ; oval image 6 x 4 cm., on double mount 18 x 14 cm. 
  • Terms of use: No copyright restrictions apply. 
  • Identifier(s): Accession no(s) H42756; H42756a 
  • Subjects: Goldstein, Vida, 1869-1949 ; Franklin, Stella Maria Sarah Miles, 1879-1954 ; Feminists -- Australia ; Gelatin silver prints ; Group portraits
  • Index terms: Australia; women's movement; suffragettes; feminists; authors; Miles Franklin; Viva Goldstein [sic]
  • Notes: Title inscribed on mount l.l. and l.r. 
    Detailed view digitised. 
    Miles Franklin was born in Tumut, N.S.W.; published My Brilliant Career 1901; involved with feminist movement; left for the U.S.A. 1906; returned to Australia 1927; died 1954. 
    Vida Goldstein was born in Portland, Victoria 1869; became involved with suffragette movement; ran for the Australian Senate 1903; addressed the United States Congress in 1902; died 1949. 
  • Contents/Summary: Miles Franklin is half-length, to right, Vida Goldstein standing behind her. 
  • Source/Donor: Donated by Miss Jean Robinson, 1980. 
I did not previously know of any connection with Miles Franklin, an author whose works I enjoy very much and who came from areas around Canberra which I used to visit often (Brindabella, Tumut, Goulburn, Talbingo). I also wonder of the connection with Jean Robinson, I am not sure who she is, a puzzle for another day.

Exploring further in the State Library's collection I found more items which I must research further to explore this branch of my family. Included were these photos:
Group of people at river, including Vida Goldstein 1885 - 1892. Vida Goldstein - left foreground, holding stick. Col. Goldstein [Vida's father] - seated in centre with a little girl on his knee. I [presumably Leslie Henderson, donor of the photograph] do not know who she is. George Reid - extreme right, standing. From the State Library of Victoria
Vida Goldstein at a picnic, probably at Lorne. Vida is second from right in front row holding a paper & with a billy in front of her. The donor of the photograph, Vida's niece, Leslie Henderson (1896 - 1982) did not know any of the other people in the photograph. From the State Library of Victoria 
There are many more items for me to follow up in the State Library's collections when I get a chance.

Monday, 9 September 2013

The death of Kenneth Budge (1813 - 1852)

My very great thanks to Laurena who has so generously shared some research with me relating to the Budge and Cudmore families.  Although she is only very distantly related to these families by marriage she had come across some research which solved a long standing puzzle for me.  Unfortunately's notification system is very unreliable and I was unaware that she had let me know of her finds until she sent me a follow-up message.  I am indeed very grateful and my silence did not mean my lack of interest!

I wrote a couple of months ago about Kenneth's wife Margaret Gunn. They married in 1840 and had five children:
  1. Donald, also known as Daniel, (1841 - 1895)
  2. Kenneth George (1842 - 1878)
  3. Alexandrina (1844 - ? : died young)
  4. Margaret (1845 - 1912), my great great grandmother who married James Francis Cudmore
  5. Alexandrina (1851 - 1911)
When Margaret married James Francis Cudmore in 1867 the marriage announcements referred to her as the daughter of the late Captain Kenneth Budge.  I had a great difficulty in finding Margaret's and her family's immigration and had never found her father's death.  I had worked out that the death must have been about 1853 based on Margaret's remarriage.  The death preceded civil registration and I had not found a burial record.  I thought he must have died at sea but had not found any newspaper mentions.

Laurena has located a key newspaper article telling of the fate of my great great great grandfather, filling in some of my family history and also adding another generation. 

From the John O'Groat Journal Friday 10 September 1852
THE MARY RODGERS. -  This vessel which belongs to Bo'ness, is reported in the Shipping Gazette of the 4th instant as having left Elsinore on the 30th ult.; and in the same paper she is again reported as having put into the same port, with master and one man dead of cholera. This vessel left Wick on the 30th July, herring laden, for Dantzic, and was commanded by Mr Kenneth Budge, of this place, son of the late Mr Donald Budge, shipmaster, Wick. The owner of the Mary Rodgers was on board when the vessel left Wick.
Another article on the same subject from the Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury  Saturday 11 September 1852: 
Elsinore, Aug.30 - The brig Corinthian, from Newcastle, was towed up from Hornbeck to these roads to-day. The schooner, Mary, Rodgers, of Boiness, from Danzig, has put in here; master and one man dead of cholera.

Saturday, 7 September 2013

Sepia Saturday 193 : Richard Geoffrey Champion de Crespigny

This week's Sepia Saturday prompt concerns rowing ... though the image also inspired the thoughts that
some times you just need to be alone. You need space : space to think, space to breathe, space to contemplate your place in the great scheme of things. What better way to find such space than to get into a boat and row out into the middle of the sea. This is what this young lady did back in 1900 somewhere near Estonia. ( )

I do have a picture of my daughter rowing our dinghy at Batemans Bay several years ago.

The mood somewhat less reflective than the young girl in Estonia a hundred years earlier.

However the blogging prompt actually reminded me of my grandfather, Richard Geoffrey Champion de Crespigny (1907 - 1966). Geoff de Crespigny was a talented rower who was in the Melbourne University crew and also the crew for Trinity College while he studied medicine from 1927 -1929.

This is a picture of the Trinity College crew in 1929.  Geoff is number 7.
Trinity lost against Ormond College in the University boat race of April 1929. However we do have two trophy oars as mementoes of my grandfather's rowing career; one from Trinity College and the other from Melbourne University.

INTERSTATE UNIVERSITY BOAT RACE: MELBOURNE'S GREAT WIN. (1929, June 3). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 5. Retrieved September 3, 2013, from

from the History of Australian Rowing ( retrieved 3 September 2013) : 1929 Australian University Championships  Lower Yarra River Melbourne Victoria

The race was contested on the Lower Yarra on 1st June 1929. The six States were again represented and the race was won by Melbourne University handsomely by 3 1/2 lengths. Both races were conducted over 2 1/2 miles.

Men's Eight
Time: 14 mins 27.2 secs
Margin: 3 1/2 lengths
1st Melbourne University - Bow: A A Lee, 2: A R M Johnson, 3: R G de Crespigny, 4: L R Sharp, 5: Ronald C McKay, 6: R Officer, 7: W Balcombe Griffiths, Str: W Sherlock, Cox: Gerry K Duane, Cch: Charles Donald

Friday, 6 September 2013

Immigration on the Trafalgar in 1854 of John Way and Sarah née Daw

John Way (1835 - 1911) and Sarah Way née Daw (1837 - 1895) came to Australia on the Trafalgar.  They arrived in South Australia on 28 June 1854 having left Plymouth on 6 March.

They had married at Wendron, Cornwall only four days before departure.("England Marriages, 1538–1973 ," index, FamilySearch ( : accessed 06 Sep 2013), John Way and Sarah Dawe, 02 Mar 1854.)

On the shipping list John was recorded as John Nicholas Way, aged 19, a labourer from Cornwall. Sarah was aged 18.  I have not seen John recorded with a middle name in any other record, I am not sure if this is a transcription error on the part of the shipping clerk.(Passenger list - Trafalgar retrieved from )

THE TRAFALGAR. (1854, June 29). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 2. Retrieved September 5, 2013, from Note that there is something slightly wrong about the figures published - the sums do not add up.

The shipping intelligence gave details of the ship - a barque of 717 tons with a number of passengers as well as government emigrants and cargo.  The voyage of the Trafalgar was not always comfortable with heavy weather experienced several times.

SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. (1854, June 29). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 2. Retrieved September 5, 2013, from

The ship also featured in the Immigration Agent's Report for the month.
Immigration Agent's Report for 30 June 1854 published in The Register. ADELAIDE: TUESDAY, JULY 25, 1854. (1854, July 25). South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), p. 2. Retrieved September 5, 2013, from
A barque is a sailing vessel with three or more masts. From the Wikipedia article I learned that the sail plan of a barque allows the ship to be crewed with fewer crew than a comparable full rigged ship. The standard definition for a barque in the nineteenth century is that "the foremasts rigged square and the aftermast rigged fore-and-aft".  The trade-off was it was slower down wind than a fully rigged ship. (Barque. (2013, July 19). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 01:27, September 6, 2013, from

The sail plan of a barque from

Thursday, 5 September 2013

Mapping the birthplaces of the children of John Way and Sarah née Daw

My attention was drawn to a marvellously elegant utility by Sheri Fenley on her blog The Educated Genealogist at (thanks Sheri :) ).

As Sheri explains, you enter the place names you want in a spreadsheet in Google Drive and the utility uses those names to mark the places on a Google map.  I had a try with the birthplaces of the children of John Way (1835 - 1911) and Sarah Way née Daw (1837 - 1895), my husband's great great grandparents.  

It was very quick to enter the data and generate a map. I used a separate column to enter the Australian state to ensure correct disambiguation of the place names.

Google map terrain view modified using to show the birth places of John and Sarah Way's children

John and Sarah married on 2 March 1854 and left England four days later arriving in South Australia on 28 June 1854 aboard the Trafalgar

They had the following children:

  • Louisa (1855 - 1926) born Adelaide; John's occupation  on Louisa's birth registration was labourer.
  • William John (1857 - 1858) born and died Collingwood, Melbourne; John's occupation was labourer. William's cause of death at age 6 months was congestion of the brain.
  • Mary Jane (1859 - 1859) born and died Collingwood; John's occupation was labourer. Mary Jane died of cancer of the eye aged 4 months 19 days.
  • Mary Ann (1860 - 1938) born Collingwood
  • Sarah Jane (1863 - 1898) born Barborah Creek near Binalong, New South Wales (no birth registration found)
  • Eliza (Elizabeth on her birth certificate) (1865 - 1940) born Brittons Dam Station, Kitticara, nr Murrumburrah, New South Wales;John's occupation was shepherd. 
  • Emily (1868 - 1952) born Grenfell, New South Wales; John's occupation was sawyer
  • Harriet Elizabeth (1870 - 1879) born near Reece's Foundry, Grenfell, New South Wales; John's occupation was sawyer on her birth registration but when she died of typhoid fever at three months, John gave his occupation as miner.
  • John (1872 - 1896) born Grenfell, New South Wales
  • Martha (1874 - 1875) born and died Parkes, New South Wales; John's occupation was miner.

John and Sarah both died at Parkes.

The birthplaces of their children show their migration around the country. It was an enormous move from Collingwood, Melbourne to Barborah Creek near Binalong.  I am not sure how they found a job there or how they travelled.

John identified as a miner for the rest of his life - the marriage and death certificates of his children consistently give miner as their father's occupation. He also gave it as his occupation when he wrote his will.

Tuesday, 3 September 2013

Wedding Wednesday: Philip Champion de Crespigny married Annie Frances Chauncy 25 October 1877

On Thursday 25 October 1877 Philip Champion de Crespigny (1850 - 1927) married Annie Frances Chauncy (1857 - 1883).

Family Notices. (1877, October 29). The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957), p. 1. Retrieved September 3, 2013, from

This photo of Annie Frances Chauncy was taken around the time of her wedding in 1877.

 The Ballarat Courier reported:
There was a good deal of commotion yesterday at St Paul's Church amongst the fair sex, the occasion being the marriage of Mr Philip Champion Crespigny, the eldest son of Mr Crespigny, P.M., of Ararat, to the eldest daughter of Mr Chauncy, district surveyor, of Ballarat. As the bride walked up the aisle, a voluntary was played on the organ, and after the conclusion of the ceremony the Wedding March was pealed forth. The happy couple left Ballarat for Melbourne on the afternoon train. (The Ballarat Courier 26 October 1877)
The Camperdown Chronicle also reported on the riotous proceedings:

BALLARAT. (1877, October 30). Camperdown Chronicle (Vic. : 1877 - 1954), p. 3 Edition: BI-WEEKLY. Retrieved September 3, 2013, from

 I have no idea why the wedding should have caused such a stir or whether the spectators were known to the bride and groom.  Perhaps one day I will find some letter or diary reference that might shed some clues.