Sunday, 28 April 2013

Arthur Murray Cudmore World War I service

Arthur Murray Cudmore was appointed to the Australian Imperial Force as an officer in April 1915. At the same time his daughter's future father-in-law, Constantine Trent Champion de Crespigny was also appointed. Arthur's brother in law Wentworth Cavenagh-Mainwaring had joined the Australian Army Medical Corps in August 1914.

National Archives of Australia: Australian Imperial Force, Base Records Office; B2455, First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920; Cudmore Arthur Murray : SERN Lieutenant Colonel : POB Paringa SA : POE N/A : NOK W Cudmore Kathleen Mary. Page 1


18 May 1915 Crowds of well-wishers farewell Australian Army Medical Corps (AAMC) personnel who have just embarked on the transport HMT Mooltan at Port Melbourne railway pier. Australian War Memorial image id C01009 retrieved from
Arthur Murray Cudmore with Trent de Crespigny [centre] & Bronte Smeaton [left] in 1915 at sea. Picture from my grandmother Kathleen née Cudmore's scrapbook. (Kathleen later married the son of Constantine Trent Champion de Crespigny.)

Arthur Murray Cudmore with Wentworth Cavenagh-Mainwaring at Gallipoli. Wentworth Cavenagh-Mainwaring was his brother-in-law and also a doctor. I don't know who the seated man is.

Three medical officers of the Australian Army Medical Corps. Identified from left to right: Major H Harris of Sydney, Lieutenant Colonel A M Cudmore of Adelaide, and Colonel Sir A McCormick. Photographed at Lemnos abt 1915. Unknown photographer. Australian War Memorial collection id A01523 retrieved from

From 25 October 1915 on Lemnos Cudmore suffered from paratyphoid fever and bronchitis. He was admitted to the 3rd Australian General Hospital at Mudros on 6 November 1915. He was transferred to Alexandria in December 1915.

On 3 January 1916 embarked "Ulysses" for Australia and discharged as permanently unfit. The signature of the Officer in medical charge of the case, Officer in charge of Hospital, and President of the Medical Board was C. Trent Ch. de Crespigny Lt. Col..

HMAT Ulysses leaving Melbourne with troops in March 1916 just after returning to Australia with Arthur Murray Cudmore. Australian War Memorial image id PB1095 retrieved from

Cudmore was re appointed to the AIF on 25 June 1918 as Lieutenant Colonel and embarked 6 August 1918 on the SS "Gaika" from Adelaide for the UK. He arrived London 13 October 1918. He returned to Australia on 16 March 1919 on the "Czaritza" transferring to the "Dunluce Castle" arriving 13 May 1919.
page 31 of World War I personal dossier

His commission was terminated in June 1919 owing to the cessation of hostilities.

Thursday, 25 April 2013

Philip Champion de Crespigny (1879 - 1918)

On 26 November 1917 my great grand uncle, Philip Champion de Crespigny, enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force.  He was aged 38 years 5 months, married with four children.  His brother and the two half-brothers who were eligible were already serving.
  • Constantine Trent enlisted 20 May 1915
  • Vivian (Hugh Vivian) enlisted 30 August 1914, transferred to British air force shortly after
  • Frank (Francis George Travers) enlisted 10 November 1917
Photograph of Philip from his son John

At the time of enlistment Philip was 6 feet 2 inches, weighed 11 1/2 stone (72 kg), had blue eyes, dark hair, a scar on his forehead and 4 vaccination marks on his left arm.
National Archives of Australia: Australian Imperial Force, Base Records Office; B2455, First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920; De Crespigny Philip Champion : SERN 3479 : POB Bendigo VIC : POE Brisbane QLD : NOK W De Crespigny Birdie Wilhelmina  Page 1
page 3 of dossier

On 2 March 1918 he embarked from Sydney on the "Ormonde" with the 30/5th Light Horse.
The "Ormonde" was built by Orient Lines in 1917 as a troopship
While on board he edited Souvenir "Billjim", comrades all : a memento of the ever-changing life on board a modern transport journeying from the Southern Cross with troops for the help of the motherland.
The journal has been digitised and can be viewed at

Billjim was a name given to Australian soldiers in World War I, especially the Light Horse. At the time it was possibly a more recognised term than "digger" according to .

Philip disembarked at Moscar on 6 April. After training he was transferred on 6 July to the 1st Light Horse as a trooper.  On 12th July he transferred to the 2nd Light Horse and he was killed in action on 14th July at Mussallabah near Jericho.
Casualty form, page 37 of dossier
The second Light Horse repulsed an attack on Musallabah – a pivotal position for the entire force in the Valley.  The diary of Howard Chambers who served with the second Light Horse records: 
“To Musallabah. Came out last night about midnight. Slight shelling by the enemy onto our position this morning. Visit by Generals Chauvel and Howard Vyse. Enemy putting up a great show with artillery. Enemy attack with German and Turkish troops. King and seven of troop killed. All quiet again. Gave us great dust up with artillery. Saw General Chauvel again. Capt Handy, Sgt Chambers (no relation) and Gisart killed. We are being relieved tonight by the 8th. Got away from Mussalabah at about midnight.” retrieved from
On 15 June 1918 General Allenby had written
The Turks opposing me are now in greater strength than hitherto – excepting just before the battle of Beersheba–Gaza. His morale, fed on reports of European victories, has risen. The harvest is now reaped, and food is plentiful. My staff estimate that 68,000 rifles and sabres can be kept and fed on this front, during summer. As for redistributing my forces; all my goods are in the shop window. My front, from the Jordan to the Mediterranean, is 60 miles. It is on the whole, a strong line; and I have made, and am making, roads and communications behind it. Still, it is wide – for the size of my force. It is the best line I can hold. Any retirement would weaken it. My right flank is covered by the Jordan; my left by the Mediterranean Sea. The Jordan Valley must be held by me; it is vital. If the Turks regained control of the Jordan, I should lose control of the Dead Sea. This would cut me off from the Arabs on the Hedjaz railway; with the result that, shortly, the Turks would regain their power in the Hedjaz. The Arabs would make terms with them, and our prestige would be gone. My right flank would be turned, and my position in Palestine would be untenable. I might hold Rafa or El Arish; but you can imagine what effect such a withdrawal would have on the population of Egypt, and on the watching tribes of the Western Desert. You see, therefore, that I cannot modify my present dispositions. I must give up nothing of what I now hold. Anyhow, I must hold the Jordan Valley. (from Occupation of the Jordan Valley. (2013, April 9). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 22:10, April 24, 2013, from which in turn cited
Hughes, Matthew, ed. (2004). Allenby in Palestine: The Middle East Correspondence of Field Marshal Viscount Allenby June 1917 – October 1919. Army Records Society 22. Phoenix Mill, Thrupp, Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7509-3841-9. page 163

Philip was buried at Jerusalem and a photograph was taken of his grave.
The grave of Trooper Philip Champion de Crespigny of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade of Bendigo VIC, who was killed in action on 14 July 1918. This is the original grave which has been incorporated into Jerusalem War Cemetery. Photographed about 1918 by Coulson, Oswald Hillam (Ossie).  Retrieved from the Australian War Memorial, item id  B03314
Ossie Coulson also took a photograph of the area where the fighting occurred.
The unusual landscape at Mussalabeh. photographed by Coulson, Oswald Hillam (Ossie) about 1917.  In the Australian War Memorial Collection id B03139

His wife placed a notice in The Argus and papers around the country published obituaries noting he was a talented journalist who had a great deal of experience.

Nearly a year after his death his journalism was still being remembered by the Brisbane Worker.
Add caption

His wife filled in the circular for the Roll of Honour.

His name is located on the 3rd panel of the Roll of Honour at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.

Together with his brother Constantine Trent, Philip is remembered on his mother's grave at Queenscliff.
The gravestone of Annie Frances Champion Crespigny née Chauncy at Queenscliff that also records her two sons Philip and Constantine Trent.
The cemetery at Jerusalem is now maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Comission.
Jerusalem War Cemetery is 4.5 kilometres north of the walled city and is situated on the neck of land at the north end of the Mount of Olives, to the west of Mount Scopus.  The cemetery is found on Churchill Blvd, sandwiched between Hadassah Hospital and the Hyatt Hotel. The Australian Memorial is opposite the cemetery entrance.

Friday, 19 April 2013

Cecil Young and family: Cecil's early life up to end World War I

Cecil was the grandson of one of the earlier miners of the Avoca district.  He served in World War 1.

George Young, a miner, had arrived at the Lamplough Rush near Avoca in about 1859 with a wife and two young children.  A third child had been born and died at Beechworth.  John had been born in 1856 at Dunolly and Alice in January 1859 at White Hills near Maryborough.  Twins Charlotte and Harriet were born in July 1861 at Lamplough. Although the rush was moving on, perhaps the burden of four young children including new born twins persuaded George and his wife Caroline to settle.  George took up a small portion of land and continued to mine at Lamplough.  He and his wife had thirteen children.  She died in 1879 at the age of 43 leaving 8 children, the two youngest being one and three years old.  It would appear John, who was then aged 23, took on some responsibility for helping with his siblings while probably working as a miner locally.  His sister Alice was married a year later, Harriet and Charlotte married in 1881 and 1882 respectively, and Maria was married in 1884.

It seems that between about 1887 and 1894 John Young was working in New South Wales.  At Parkes he met the widow of a miner, Sarah Jane Whiteman.  They married in Melbourne in 1894.  She already had two children Robert and Mary Anne aged about eleven and ten at the time of her second marriage.  John and Sarah Jane had one daughter who died in infancy and then a son John Percy (Jack) was born at Timor in 1896.  A second son, Cecil,  was born at Rokewood in 1898 but Sarah Jane died in childbirth.

The two young boys were brought up by their aunt Charlotte who had married a schoolteacher George Wilkins. George was headteacher at Homebush near Avoca.  John Young continued as a miner at Barringhup then Burnt Creek and later Betley.  The two boys stayed in contact with their half-brother and half-sister.  Postcards from Tasmania reveal that Robert Whiteman moved to Tasmania and married there.  Later he moved back to Melbourne.  Mary Ann lived for a time at Homebush (1909) and after marriage in 1911 lived in Melbourne.  From 1911 the two boys were living at Clunes with their Aunt Harriet (Charlotte's twin) who had been widowed in 1904 and whose youngest child was the same age as Jack and Cecil.1

As the head teacher of Homebush George Wilkins played an active role in the community: he was on the local cricket team; he played the cornet in the local band; he was frequently called to take on the roll of MC at local gatherings.  George was Lieutenant in charge of the local cadets.2 During the war George Wilkins took on a leading role organising the Soldiers' Comforts Fund of Homebush. After the war he helped to form the local branch of the Returned Soldiers' League.

Cecil enlisted in the AIF in December 1915.3 He was only seventeen and a half but he advanced his date of birth by one year.  He described his trade as a butcher but was not an apprentice.  He declared he had served with the senior cadets at Footscray for 9 months (no kit had been issued as the annotation stated it was an exempt area).  He was only a small man: 5 feet 5 1/4 inches tall weighing 123 1/2 lbs (just under 9 stone or 60 kg).  He had two tattoos: a ship and two clasped hands on his left forearm, a rose with "Myrtle" on his right forearm.  In April 1916 he was appointed to the 24th Battallion, 13th reinforcements.

He embarked from Australia in July 1917 arriving Plymouth, England in September and departing Folkestone, England in November 1916 and taken on strength in France 21 December 1916. He was with the 24th battalion reinforcing the second division. He was sick with scabies in hospital in mid-June 1917 and rejoined his unit at the end of the month.  He was wounded in action on 20 September 1917 with gunshot wounds to his right ear and his right thigh.  He was transferred to an ambulance train and three weeks later to hospital in England.  In January he was discharged to furlough and later that month he was admonished by a major following disorderly conduct and refusal to obey an order given by the Military Police. In April he was returned to Australia disembarking in early June and he was discharged from the AIF at Melbourne as medically unfit on 26 July 1918.  The last stamped annotation to his AIF file is  ``Application for war service leave gratuity passed Feb 28 1919''.

Battle of Menin Road - wounded at side of the road. The 24th battalion's battle honours include Menin Road. This battle occurred on 20 September 1917 so it is possible that the conditions Cecil experienced are similar to those in this picture taken by Frank Hurley.4

By August 1918 he was in Homebush staying with his aunt and uncle George and Charlotte Wilkins.  There he entertained a large number of guests together with Pte Allen, a friend of his from his war service, at the Public Hall, Homebush.  Guests were mainly members and supporters of Homebush Soldiers' Comforts Fund.  The object of Privates Young and Allen ``being to show their appreciation of the good work that is being done by the above body''.

Cecil's brother Jack also served in World War I.  He enlisted in Melbourne on 3 October 1916. He was twenty years old. He trained as a signaller, and went to France in January 1918. He was wounded in action, gassed, in August 1918. In November 1918 Jack Young died of pneumonia in England. He is buried at Brookwood War Cemetery. John Young, his father, completed a card for the Roll of Honour of Australia.

Cecil and Jack are remembered locally on the Homebush Honor Roll unveiled in 1917 and on the memorial placed at the Homebush school in 1993. They are not remembered on any of the other local Avoca memorials.

Cecil is my husband's grandfather.

The school at Lower Homebush where Cecil and Jack Young lived with their aunt Charlotte and her husband George Wilkins.  The Avenue of Honour can be seen.  Photographed September 2011.
The plaque at the Avenue of Honour at Lower Homebush School.

1. In the 1960s Cecil passed a collection of postcards to his son Peter. These postcards helped us to develop the family tree and understand the family history of the early twentieth century.
2. Postcard concerning uniforms for two cadets from the firm Alfred Bowley addressed to Lieut. G.E. Wilkins in 1907.
3. National Archives of Australia: Australian Imperial Force, Base Records Office; B2455, First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920; Young Cecil Ernest : SERN 5115 : POB Rokewood VIC : POE Melbourne VIC : NOK F Young John
4. Picture retrieved from Wikipedia 20 April 2013. This image was in turn saved from the State Library of New South Wales: Exhibition of war photographs taken by Capt. F. Hurley, August 1917- August 1918. The caption for image 35: The Battle of the Menin Road. Walking wounded returning from the battle and by the roadside a relay of seriously wounded. The battle is still raging in the background. retrieved 20 April 2013.

Monday, 8 April 2013

Champion de Crespignys at Cambridge from the earliest times to 1900

Alumni Cantabrigienses: A Biographical List of All Known Students, Graduates and Holders of Office at the University of Cambridge, from the Earliest Times to 1900 includes eleven members of the Champion de Crespigny family.

Title: Alumni Cantabrigienses: A Biographical List of All Known Students, Graduates and Holders of Office at the University of Cambridge, from the Earliest Times to 1900
Cambridge Library Collection - Cambridge 
Part 2 of Alumni Cantabrigienses 2 Volume Set
Editor: John Venn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press, 2011
ISBN: 1108036120, 9781108036122
Length: 604 pages

The book is partially digitised on Google books for sampling and the relevant page for the Champion de Crespigny family (page 175 of volume 2) is included in that digitisation at . have similar, but not always identical information in their database: Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 1999.
Original data: Venn, J. A., comp.. Alumni Cantabrigienses. London, England: Cambridge University Press, 1922-1954.

 Of the colleges, Trinity Hall was the most popular with six members of the family attending.  Three attended Trinity College. Other colleges were Downing and Magdelene and Sidney.

There are two family groupings of those who attended Cambridge but they are closely related:
  • Charles James Fox (1785-1875) nephew of the first baronet
  • Thomas (1763-1799) his half-brother
  • George Blicke (1815-1893) his second son
  • Philip Robert (1817-1889) his third son

  • Claude William (1734-1818) the first baronet
  • Claude William (1818-1868) the third baronet, great grandson of the first baronet, grandson of the second baronet.
  • Frederick John (1822-1887) brother of the third baronet, great grandson of the first baronet
  • Heaton (1796-1858) son of the second baronet, grandson of the first baronet
  • Herbert Joseph (1805-1881) brother of Heaton, grandson of the first baronet
  • William (1765-1829) second baronet, son of first baronet, father of Heaton and Herbert
  • William Other (1789-1816), son of the second baronet, brother of Heaton and Herbert

Name: Charles [James] Fox Champion Crespigny or De Crespigny
College: SIDNEY
Entered: Michs. 1803
Born: 30 Aug 1785
More information: Adm. pens. (age 18) at SIDNEY, Apr. 14, 1803. 3rd s. of Philip [Champion de Crespigny], of Aldeburgh, Suffolk. B. Aug. 30, 1785. School, Reading (Dr Valpy). Migrated to Trinity, May 31, 1803; matric. Michs. 1803. Of Tal-y-llyn House, Brecon. J.P. for Suffolk. Married Eliza Julia, dau. of John Trent, Esq., of Dallington House, Suffolk, Mar. 20, 1813. Died Mar. 4, 1875. Half-brother of Thomas (1779); father of George B. C. (1832) and Philip R. C. (1838). (Foster, Baronetage, 1883.)

Charles Fox Champion Crespigny (1785-1875) photographed about 1858 with his grandson Constantine

Name: Claude Champion Crespigny
Entered: 19 Dec 1734
Born: 29 Jan 1818
More information: Probably adm. at TRINITY HALL, c. 1748. B. Dec. 19, 1734. LL.B. 1758; LL.D. 1763. Fellow, 1757-64. 1st s. of Philip Champion, of Doctors' Commons, Esq. Adm. at Lincoln's Inn, Oct. 23, 1750. Created Baronet, 1805. Died in Lincoln's Inn Fields, Jan. 29, 1818. (J. Ch. Smith.)

Name: Claude [Champion]. Crespigny or De Crespigny second entry
Entered: Lent, 1755
Born: 28 Jan 1818
More information: Adm. pens. at TRINITY HALL, May 27, 1752. S. and h. of Philip Champion [de Crespigny], of Champion Lodge, Camberwell, Surrey. [B. Dec. 19, 1734.] School, (?) Eton. Scholar, 1753; matric. Lent, 1755; LL.B. 1758; LL.D. 1763. Fellow, 1757-64 [the circumstances which resulted in his election are described in D. A. Winstanley, Cambridge in the XVIIIth Century]. Adm. at Lincoln's Inn, Oct. 23, 1750. Adm. advocate in Doctors' Commons, 1763. Receiver-General of the droits of Admiralty for over 50 years. Created Bart., Oct. 31, 1805, having had the honour of receiving the Prince Regent at Champion Lodge. Major-Commandant of the Camberwell Volunteers. Of Champion Lodge, Camberwell, Surrey. Married Mary, dau. of Joseph Clerke, Esq., of Rigton, Yorks., Feb. 16, 1764, and eventually heir to Isaac Heaton, of Peckham Lodge, Camberwell. Died Jan. 28, 1818, aged 83. Buried at Camberwell. M.I. Father of William (1780). (Foster, P. and B.; Parish of Camberwell, 39, 208; G. Mag., 1818.)

Claude Champion Crespigny (1734-1818) 1st baronet Champion Crespigny (my 5th great grand uncle)

Name: Sir Claude William Champion, Bart. Crespigny or De Crespigny
College: TRINITY
Entered: Michs. 1836
Born: 25 Jun 1818
Died: 11 Aug 1868
More information: Adm. pens. at TRINITY, July 1, 1836. S. and h. of Augustus James Champion, Capt., R.N. (served under Nelson and Collingwood). B. June 25, 1818. Matric. Michs. 1836; M.A. 1840. Succeeded his grandfather, Sir William Champion (de Crespigny) as 3rd Bart., Dec. 28, 1829. For many years Lieut.-Col., and afterwards Hon. Col., 1st Batt., Essex Rifle Volunteers. Married Mary, dau. of Sir John Tyssen-Tyrrell, Bart., M.P., Aug. 22, 1843. Died Aug. 11, 1868. Brother of the next. (Burke, P. and B.)

Name: Frederick John Champion. Crespigny or De Crespigny
Entered: Michs. 1840
Born: 12 Dec 1822
More information: Adm. pens. (age 18) at MAGDALENE, May 4, 1840. [3rd s. of Augustus (James) Champion, Capt., R.N., of Camberwell, Surrey. B. Dec. 12, 1822.] Matric. Michs. 1840; B.A. 1844; M.A. 1847. Ord. deacon, 1847; priest (Lincoln) 1848; P.C. of Emmanuel Church, Camberwell, Surrey, 1850-8. V. of Hampton Wick, Middlesex, 1858-87. Domestic Chaplain to Lord Rodney. Married Rosabelle Mary, widow of Thomas Mallett Wythe, in 1857. Died s.p. June 25, 1887. Window to his memory in Hampton Wick church. Brother of the above. (Burke, P. and B.; Crockford.)

Reverend Frederick John Champion de Crespigny (1822–1887) by British (English) School Oil on canvas, 73 x 60 cm Collection: Kelmarsh Hall Retrieved from (my third cousin four times removed)

Name: George Blicke Champion. Crespigny or De Crespigny
More information: Adm. pens. at TRINITY HALL, Oct. 17, 1832. [2nd s. of Charles Fox Champion (1803), Esq., of Tal-y-llyn House, Brecon.] Adm. at Lincoln's Inn, Nov. 4, 1833; age 17. Lieut.-Col., late 20th Regt.; Paymaster, Army service, 1880. Sometime on the staff of the School of Musketry, at Hythe, Kent. Married Elizabeth Jane, dau. of Alexander Buchanan, Esq., of Montreal, Canada, Q.C. (Canadian Bar), June 11, 1851. Brother of Philip R. C. (1838). (Foster, Baronetage, 1883.)

Name: Heaton Champion. Crespigny or De Crespigny
Entered: Michs. 1816
Died: 15 Nov 1858
More information: Adm. pens. at TRINITY HALL, Nov. 9, 1815. [4th s. of William Champion (1780), Esq. (afterwards Bart.) and grandson of Sir Claude Champion, Bart.] Matric. Michs. 1816; LL.B. 1825. At first in the Royal Navy, serving under Admiral the Hon. F. Irby in the memorable action between the Amelia and the Arethusa. Ord. deacon (Norwich) Dec. 12, 1819; V. of Neatishead, Norfolk, 1822-. R. of Stoke Doyle, Northants., 1822-33. Married Caroline, dau. of Henry Bathurst, Bishop of Norwich, July 19, 1820. Died Nov. 15, 1858, aged 62, at Ballarat, Australia. Brother of the next. (Burke, P. and B.; Foster, Index Eccles.; G. Mag., 1859, II. 197.)

Reverend Heaton Champion_de_Crespigny (1796–1858) by Philip August Gaugain Oil on canvas, 73 x 62 cm Collection: Kelmarsh Hall URL retrieved 5 November 201. (my second cousin five times removed)

Name: Herbert Joseph William Scott Champion. Crespigny or De Crespigny
College: TRINITY
Entered: Michs. 1824
Died: 24 Oct 1825
More information: Adm. pens. (age 18) at TRINITY, June 29, 1824. [5th s. of Sir William Champion (1780), Bart.] B. at King's Rew, Hants. School, Winchester. Matric. Michs. 1824. the Middle Temple, Apr. 23, 1822. Called to the Bar, 1832. Married Caroline, dau. of Sir William Smijth, Bart., and widow of his brother, Capt. Augustus James de Crespigny, R.N. (who died Oct. 24, 1825). Died July 1, 1881. Brother of the above. (Burke, P. and B.)

Name: Philip Robert Champion. Crespigny
College: DOWNING
More information: Adm. Fell.-Com. at DOWNING, Nov. 7, 1838. [3rd s. of Charles James Fox (1803).] B. Oct. 4, 1817. Went to Australia. SometimeWarden and Police-Magistrate of goldfields, Ararat, Victoria. Married Charlotte Frances, dau. of William Pulteney Dana, Capt., 6th Foot, July 18, 1849. Brother of George B. C. (1832). (Foster, Baronetage, 1883.)

Philip Robert Champion Crespigny (1817-1889) (my third great grandfather)

Name: Thomas Champion. Crespigny or De Crespigny
Entered: Michs. 1782
More information: Adm. pens. at TRINITY HALL, June 22, 1779. [2nd s. of Philip (Champion de Crespigny), of Aldeburgh, Suffolk.] Scholar, 1781; matric. Michs. 1782; LL.B. 1785; LL.D. 1790. Adm. Advocate, Doctors' Commons, 1790. Of Ufford, Suffolk. Married Augusta Thelluson, sister of Sir Peter Isaac (Thelluson), 1st Lord Rendlesham, Mar. 26,  1793. Died Aug. 2, 1799. Half-brother of Charles F. C. (1803). (Foster, Baronetage, 1883.)

Name: William Champion. Crespigny or De Crespigny
Entered: Michs. 1783
Died: 28 Dec 1829
More information: Adm. pens. at TRINITY HALL, July 1, 1780. [S. and h. of Sir Claude (1752), Bart. B. Jan. 1, 1765.] School, (?) Eton. Matric. Michs. 1783; LL.B. 1786. Succeeded his father as 2nd Bart., Jan. 28, 1818. M.P. for Southampton, 1818-26. F.S.A. J.P. for Surrey and Hants. Provincial Grand Master of the Order of Freemasons in Hampshire. Married Sarah, dau. of Other Lewis (Windsor), Earl of Plymouth, Aug. 4, 1786. Died Dec. 28, 1829. Father of Heaton C. (1815) and Herbert J. W. S. C. (1824). (Burke, P. and B.; G. Mag., 1830, I. 189.)

Sir William Champion de Crespigny (1765–1829), 2nd Bt by Philip August Gaugain Oil on canvas, 121 x 94 cm Collection: Kelmarsh Hall (my first cousin six times removed).

Name: William Champion. Crespigny or De Crespigny
Entered: Easter, 1811
Died: 1816
More information: Adm. pens. at TRINITY HALL, Mar. 5, 1811. S. of —, of Lincoln's Inn. Matric. Easter, 1811; Scholar. [William Other Champion de Crespigny, 2nd s. of Sir William (1780), entered the Royal Navy and died on active service, in 1816. He was apparently previously adm. at the Middle Temple, Nov. 6, 1807, as ‘William Other Robert Champion de C., 2nd s. of William of Crespigny, of King's Rew, near Fawley, Hants.’ Called to the Bar, 1814.] (Burke, P. and B.)

Sunday, 7 April 2013

Constantine Pulteney Trent Champion de Crespigny (1851 - 1883)

Constantine Pulteney Trent Champion de Crespigny was born at St Malo, France, on 5 May 1851, the son of Philip Champion Crespigny and his wife Charlotte Frances née Dana. He was christened on 28 May at the Anglican Chapel, Saint-Servan-sur-Mer, which is two miles from St Malo.  He was the third child of the couple; his older sister Ada was born in 1848 and his brother Philip was born in 1850.

Not long after his birth his parents emigrated to Australia from England with their two older children. They left Constantine in England in the care of his grandparents and aunt. The Champion Crespigny family embarked from Plymouth on the Cambodia on 3 December 1851 when Constantine was not yet 7 months old. They must have determined he was too small and not strong enough to make the journey.

The family stayed in touch by letters and copies of some of this correspondence survives. For example:
undated but before July 1856
My dearest little Ada and Loup Loup:
     A thousand thanks for your nice little letter which delighted me.  Little Conny could not read them but Charlie learnt them by heart and repeated them to the little darling. I hope Ada has received the little books I sent her by this time and that you have both had a ride in Papa's new carriage. Grandpapa will send you some seeds for your garden by the Great Britain Steam Ship and I hope you will have as much pleasure in growing your mustard and cress as Charlie has. Conny and Charlie are always talking of you and longing to have you both as playfellows. Do send me word what I can send you my little darlings to amuse you. I am very glad the boots fitted so well. Goodbye to you both. Conny and Charlie send you many kisses and I am ever your Affte. Gd. Mama.
     Gd. Papa and Aunt send you many loves and kisses.
The letter is from Eliza Julia Champion Crespigny  née Trent (1797 - 1856), wife of Charles James Fox Crespigny (1785 - 1875), and mother to Philip senior. Loup Loup was a nick name for Philip junior and means wolf. Charlie is the cousin of Constantine, Charles Stanley Champion Crespigny (1848 - 1907), the son of Philip's older brother Charles John Champion Crespigny (1814 - 1880). The aunt was Philip's sister, Eliza Constantia Frances Champion Crespigny (1817 - 1898). It was Constantia who spent much time caring for young Con.

from letter of 9 January 1858 from Charles James Champion Crespigny at Cheltenham to his son Philip
... The care she [Philip's sister Constantia] takes in your dear Con and the delight she has in him is not to be described. It will be a great loss and pain to us to part with him when the time comes that he must go to school. He says positively that he will not go till he is eight and gets on so well with us that it will be time enough. I much wish to live long enough to see him grow up and started in the world but this is hardly to be expected.
When old enough and if we think it will be best to send him to the College here - 600 boys! but it is very good and terms very moderate, within sixty pounds a year - if a boy is at a boarding house, the last forty and twelve or fourteen to the college and about twelve per annum to hire the presentation or pay about one hundred in purchase of a presentation which is always saleable when you want it no longer. I have offered to pay for Charlie's if Charlie will send him there and I think Charles has made up his mind to do so. I much wish the two dear boys to be brought up together. They are exceedingly fond of each other. Conny is of course exceedingly fond of Constantia but he will say that he likes me but "except you know my Papa and Mama and my brothers and sisters, I like them best of all." He is often talking of you all and asking various questions about you. He has excellent qualities and gets on well in everything. He never will be idle a moment but must read or write or draw, but it would be needless to speak of him as I am sure Constantia has told you all about him. He is delighted now with Charles with us for his holidays. ...
I must give you Conny's last remark to Constantia just reported: He said: "Grand P was sent to school at 5 years old because he was not loved. Now I am so much loved you will not bear to part with me at 8. You will not know how to let me go to school." The fact is I was so hideous they could not bear the sight of me and till 5 I was left always with servants in the country.
 From about 1858 there was a photograph of Con taken with his grandfather. The original is in my father's possession.

From: Constantine Pulteney Trent ChC
To: Philip Robert [his father]
April 9 1859
My dear Papa
I beg you will write to me next time. I am sorry Mama had rheumatism when you wrote. Charlie has got the measles. I have seen a panorama * of Delhi with the Massacre of Cawnpore! My Aunt did not go as she could not stand that, so I went with Payne.
I am too busy pasting in my scrap-book to finish this myself. Charlie and I had no more pictures to paste, but Grd.papa went out and brought us home 4 dozen old "Punch's". I send my love to all and remain
Your affecte
What fearfully hot weather you have had! I am very glad you are en permanence at Amherst. We have your letters up to Feby.12.1

In 1861 Con was living with his grandfather, aunt and three servants (cook, parlour maid and house maid) at 11 Royal Parade Cheltenham.

 Contemporary photos of a Royal Parade house currently for sale given an indication of their home:2

Letter 4
From: Eliza Constantia Frances ChC [Aunt Constantia]
To: Ada ChC [age 14]
[Cheltenham ?]
May 19th, 1862
My dearest Ada
I was delighted to receive your very nice note and to read such a cheering and pleasant account of you all and I am sure it must fill you with joy to see your dearest Papa's health so wonderfully improved. I hope both he and your dearest Mama continue well. It was also a great comfort to me to find you were all getting the better of that dreadful whooping cough. Your dear brother Con is not looking well just now and I shall be glad when we can go to the sea or somewhere for a change next month and when you receive this I hope we shall be not here. Perhaps we shall go to Malvern as that is much nearer than the sea-side and the mountain scenery is very beautiful. Con would enjoy it I think even more than the sea.
A young friend of ours at College here has asked Con to take a long walk with him on Saturday and he is looking forward to it with great joy! The young Collegian is much older than Con who is rather proud of being patronised by him but I don't much like Con going out in the scorching sun and shall persuade them to put off their walk to the evening.
I have nothing more to tell you, my dearest Ada, except to beg you to write to me as often as you can and to tell me all about each one of the family at Daisy Hill. [Daisy Hill was the name of the goldfield by Amherst.] With fondest love to all
Ever yr Affte Aunt E C F Crespigny
On 14 July 1869 Con joined the 69th (The South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot as an Ensign.  He is listed in the 1870 Hart's Army list.3

 In 1871 Con was still with his grandfather and aunt at 11 Royal Parade Cheltenham.  There were still 3 servants, one of whom, Susan Tolman had been in the household ten years ago. Con was an ensign with the 69th Regiment.

A clipping from the journal [The Bro]ad Arrow of 13 May 1871, in my father's possession, notes the promotion, by purchase, of Constantine Trent Pulteney Champion-Crespigny from Ensign to Lieutenant in the 69th Foot. According to Stephen de Crespigny, Con had served with the 69th Foot against the Fenian invasion of Canada in 1869. The London Gazette of 14 November 1871 page 4664 announces that
Lieut. Constantine Trent Pultenay Champion Crespigny from 69th Foot to be Lieut from Charles Stanley Champion Crespigny who retires from 41st Foot. 
Less than a year later the London Gazette of 18 October 1872 page 4939 notes the retirement of Lieutenant Constantine Trent Pulteney Champion-Crespigny of the 41st Foot, "receiving the value of his commission" dated 19 October 1872. From Letter 10 below, it appears he suffered from tuberculosis.

 Con's grandfather died 4 March 1875.  Con joined his parents and siblings in Australia.  He arrived in Melbourne on 16 November 1875 on the iron clipper ship Melbourne which departed London on 17 August.  It was the maiden voyage of the ship and a report of the ship and the voyage appeared in The Argus of 17 November 1875 on page 4.

Letter 10
From: Eliza Constantia Frances ChC [sister of Philip Robert]
To: Rosalie Helen Beggs [her niece]4
Priory Street
12th May, 1876
My dear Rose
I have not written to you since your marriage but I very often think of you all and especially of you and your dear Frank, and believe you are all very dear to me for yr loved parents' sake tho' so far away and unknown. Con being amongst you seems to bring you all even nearer to my heart than ever, and you, the youngest of all my nieces, yet the first to marry, you of whom your dear Mother has so often written in deep sorrow and anxiety when you have been laid upon a bed of sickness, - you can hardly imagine the tender interest I take in you, or how earnestly I wish and how fervently I pray that your married life may be blessed with true happiness, for dear Con assures me your husband is one of the best fellows he ever met and sure to make you happy! And the satisfaction and comfort yr parents feel in seeing their darling married to one they have so long known and esteemed must, I think, render yr happiness as perfect as it is possible to be in this world.
Con had been enjoying himself immensely in your house when he last wrote to me. It was such a pleasure to him to see his little sister in her dignified matronly character! Poor Con! 'Twas a sad fate for him to lose his profession and to be an idle man at 25. But the love of parents, brothers and sisters which you have all so freely and fondly bestowed upon your newly imported brother, has brightened his life, hitherto so sadly clouded, and if only his hopes of employment are realised, I trust his life may yet be a happy and useful one.
I feel so grateful to everyone of those who have been so kind to Con and I know how kind and hospitable your father-in-law has been and how he has enjoyed himself at Eurambeen (I don't know if I spell the name right!). I suppose Con rides with you sometimes when you are together. Mount him on a good horse and he is at the summit of felicity! He has told me of the rides he has enjoyed. He must be dreadfully missed in your old home, particularly, I should think, by Vi, as she is nearest yr age. I hope she enjoyed the ball at Woolaston to which she was enabled to go by yr dear Frank's kindness.
Try and find time now and then to write to yr old Aunt, my dear Rose, and with much love to you both
Believe me always
Yr affte Aunt
E C F Ch. Crespigny
In June 1877 Con was appointed truant officer for the Education Department: From The Argus of Friday 15 June 1877 page 4:
Mr. T. C. Crespigny has been appointed truant officer for the St. Kilda district.
 From The Argus of Saturday 16 June 1877 page 7:  
Mr. Crespigny's appointment as truant officer, announced in Friday's Argus, includes the district of Prahran as well as St Kilda.
In July 1877 Con wrote a letter to the paper concerning an attack on his dog, a terrier, in Albert Park.  He was living in Gurner Street, St Kilda. The letter was published by The Argus on 7 July 1877 page 8.

Map showing Gurner Street and Albert Park retrieved from Google maps 7 April 2013
In 1879 there was an assault case in which Constantine seems to have been involved.  Waiting on newspaper report digitisation to be completed. Will update this post then:
The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (Vic. : 1866 - 1888) Saturday 15 March 1879 p 3 Article
LrConstainines " Crespigny summoned Mathias Lyons for assault. The evidence. showed that the plaintiff and walking near the South Beach last Sunday

The Sydney Morning Herald of 10 August 1880 reported the arrival of the Wotonga at Sydney on 9 August having sailed from Melbourne.  Passengers included CP Crespigny and P C Crespigny.  This may well have been father and son, C P being Constantine Pulteney, or possibly Con was accompanied by his older brother Philip.  This appears just to have been a visit to Sydney.  CP Crespigny left Melbourne on board the Sobraon  in February 1881.

From The Argus of 14 February 1881, Shipping Intelligence on page 4:

Letter 11
From: Eliza Constantia Frances ChC
To: Rosalie Helen [her niece]
29 Kingsholm Road
4th Aug, 1881
My dear Rose
Con wishes me to tell you how glad he was to get your letters and how much he regrets his inability to answer them. He has been very weak and ill ever since his return. A few weeks ago there was some slight improvement. The intense heat we had seemed not only to benefit his lungs but to relieve his fever. Certainly he ceased during those extremely hot days to suffer from daily attacks of fever, tho' in some ways the intense heat tried him severely. But with a sudden change in the weather and fall of temperature his fever returned with increased severity. One of the lungs got worse and had to be treated with repeated blisters. It is now better but the daily attacks of fever are terrible, lasting sometimes 8 hours during which he suffers acute headaches, shortness of breath, cough and nausea. He seems sometimes ready to die, so very ill is he.
Under these circumstances I am sure you will see how difficult it is for him to write even a few lines to his Mother and I am always trying to impress upon him that he ought not to tax his strength by writing, and that if he must write, it should be only to his Mother and let that be considered enough for the family. I feel sure you will forgive him for deferring to write to you till he is better, altho' it is a very great pleasure to him to hear from you. I hope this will find you and your husband pretty well. I was sorry to hear that he had not been well. With fond love from Con and much from me
Ever Yr affte Aunt
E C F Ch Crespigny
Con is only able to take a short drive for little more than half an hour on his best days when he feels his best.

Letter 12
From: Eliza Constantia Frances ChC
To: Rosalie Helen [her niece]
Tuesday, 6th March [1883]
My dearest Rose
Just one line to enclose 2nd half £5 notes. I hope you recvd first half all safe in last mail.5 My heart aches for yr poor Mother who would now, as I believe be receiving my letter of 25 January, telling her how near death her darling was - tho' I scarcely knew that he must be taken from me the very next day. I miss him more and more and long to go to him.
God bless you and your husband, dearest Rose.
Your affte Aunt
E C F Ch Crespigny
Con's death was announced in The Argus of 24 March 1883:

Constantine is buried at St Peter's, Leckhampton, Gloucestershire with his grandparents. His grave states:
"Constantine Trent Pulteney Champion_Crespigny. Late of HM 69th Regt. Born 5th May 1851. Died 26th January 1883. Youngest son of Philip Robert Champion Crespigny of St. Kilda, Melbourne, Australia"6

The verse under Constantine's inscription is  Matthew 11:28: Come to me, all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.

On 5 March 1882 Constantine's nephew, the second son of Philip, was born at Queenscliff, Victoria and named Constantine Trent.


Letters, copy held by my father Rafe de Crespigny:
The originals of these letters were in the possession of my grandfather Sir Constantine Trent ChC/CdeC. After his death in 1952, his second wife Mary Birks nee Jolley, Lady de Crespigny, had them copy-typed by Ms W M Walsh, and distributed the copies among members of the family. I obtained a set through my father Richard Geoffrey CdeC, Constantine Trent's elder son. It seems probable that most of the letters were collected by Ada Champion Crespigny (1848-1927), eldest daughter of Philip Robert ChC (1817-1889), for many of them are addressed to her.

1. Constantine ChC, born in May 1851, was now just under 8 years old.
The asterisk has a note by the transcriber: from here adult writing by Charles James Fox ChC.
The siege of Cawnpore [modern Kanpur] concluded on 24 June 1857 with the slaughter of the British defenders as they sought to leave under promise of safe conduct. Panoramas were common forms of exhibition at this time. The spectators entered a large room and the event was displayed, normally in two dimensions, on the surrounding walls, aided by special lighting.
In February 1859 Philip Robert was appointed from Justice of the Peace to Police Magistrate at Amherst in the county of Talbot, some 5 kilometres northwest of that town. Philip Robert had formerly held general posts as Assistant Commissioner for Crown Lands, Magistrate in the Colony of Victoria and Warden of the Goldfields.

2. images retrieved from Google maps retrieved 7 April 2013 and from 7 bedroom property for sale £1,800,000 Royal Parade, Cheltenham GL50

3. from page 215 of The Army List Author Colonel H. G. Hart Published 1870 Original from Oxford University Digitized 15 Oct 2007 retrieved from 3 February 2012

4. Constantia, born in 1825, was now 51 years old. Rose, born in October 1858, was now 17 years old. She had married Francis Beggs of Beaufort on 3 February 1876.

5. One means of sending money with some security by post was to cut bank-notes in two. Each note was printed with a number in two places. Half a note, with only one number, was valueless, but when the two halves were put together they could be credited with a bank.

6. Tombstone inscriptions from retrieved 7 April 2013.
The full tombstone transcription is:

M11 Chest-tomb, on base, inward sloping sides, worn, once painted. Sc: LEWIS.Sc.

- - - - - - LL YE THAT LABOUR AND - - - HEAVY LADEN - - - WILL OF - - -
North: IN MEMORY OF / 

- - - - - - - A FUTURE LIFE - - - - - - - - - -SAVED - - - - - .
 The verse under Constantine's inscription is  Matthew 11:28: Come to me, all you that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. The verse for his grandfather is derived from the Book of Common Prayer but is not a direct quote.